Connectionist Models

  title={Connectionist Models},
  author={James L. McClelland and Axel Cleeremans and Terry Byrne and Axel Cleeremans and Patrick Wilken},
Is Experience Stored in the Brain? A Current Model of Memory and the Temporal Metaphysic of Bergson
In discussion on consciousness and the hard problem, there is an unquestioned background assumption, namely, our experience is stored in the brain. Yet Bergson (in: Matter and memory. Zone Books, New
SIX Learning structured representations from experience
How a system represents information tightly constrains the kinds of problems it can solve. Humans routinely solve problems that appear to require structured representations of stimulus properties and
Does the mental lexicon exist ? O léxico mental existe ?
One of the central and most intriguing components of language processing to researchers is the mental lexicon. The term was used for the first time by Ann Triesman in 1961 and we still do not have
From Implausible Artificial Neurons to Idealized Cognitive Models: Rebooting Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence
There is a vast literature within philosophy of mind that focuses on artificial intelligence but hardly mentions methodological questions. There is also a growing body of work in philosophy of
An Inferential Phonological Connectionist Approach to the perception of Assimilated-English Connected Speech
This research is an attempt to investigate the perceptual system processing of English connected speech. More specifically, it attempts to offer an experimental study to show the impact of the
Learning without neurons in physical systems
This work reviews recent work in the emerging field of physical learning, describing theoretical and experimental advances in areas ranging from molecular self-assembly to flow networks and mechanical materials.
Lexical Substitution and Paraphasia in Advanced Dementia of the Alzheimer Type
Abstract The paper presents the case study of lexical selection in Alzheimer-type dementia. Lexical substitutions in poem recitation and conversations of a Russian speaker, who suffered
Inferring consistent functional interaction patterns from natural stimulus FMRI data
Interpreting developmental changes in neuroimaging signals
It is argued that the appeal to developmental neurobiology is often misplaced, and the concept of “normative” development needs to be reexamined, as it reflects fundamental value judgments about brain development that seem inappropriate for scientific investigation.
Context and meter enhance long-range planning in music performance
Serial ordering errors were measured as skilled pianists performed musical pieces that contained excerpts embedded in long or short musical contexts, consistent with the notion that neural oscillations at multiple periodicities may strengthen metrical associations across sequence events during planning.


Semantic Cognition: A Parallel Distributed Processing Approach
The authors propose that performance in semantic tasks arises through the propagation of graded signals in a system of interconnected processing units, and show how a simple computational model proposed by Rumelhart exhibits a progressive differentiation of conceptual knowledge, paralleling aspects of cognitive development seen in the work of Frank Keil and Jean Mandler.
Finding Structure in Time
A proposal along these lines first described by Jordan (1986) which involves the use of recurrent links in order to provide networks with a dynamic memory and suggests a method for representing lexical categories and the type/token distinction is developed.
Consciousness: converging insights from connectionist modeling and neuroscience
Computational Explorations in Cognitive Neuroscience: Understanding the Mind by Simulating the Brain
This text, based on a course taught by Randall O'Reilly and Yuko Munakata over the past several years, provides an in-depth introduction to the main ideas in the field of computational cognitive neuroscience.
Neuroconstructivism - I: How the Brain Constructs Cognition
Book synopsis: What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to
Parallel distributed processing: explorations in the microstructure of cognition, vol. 1: foundations
The fundamental principles, basic mechanisms, and formal analyses involved in the development of parallel distributed processing (PDP) systems are presented in individual chapters contributed by
Learning the structure of event sequences.
A connectionist model that incorporates sensitivity to the sequential structure and to priming effects is shown to capture key aspects of both acquisition and processing and to account for the interaction between attention and sequence structure reported by Cohen, Ivry, and Keele (1990).
Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development
A new framework in which interactions, occurring at all levels, give rise to emergent forms and behaviors that are not themselves directly contained in the genes in any domain-specific way is described.
The distinct modes of vision offered by feedforward and recurrent processing
Conscious, preconscious, and subliminal processing: a testable taxonomy