Connection strategies: Social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices

  title={Connection strategies: Social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices},
  author={Nicole B. Ellison and Charles Steinfield and Cliff Lampe},
  journal={New Media \& Society},
  pages={873 - 892}
This study assesses whether Facebook users have different ‘connection strategies,’ a term which describes a suite of Facebook-related relational communication activities, and explores the relationship between these connection strategies and social capital. Survey data (N = 450) from a random sample of undergraduate students reveal that only social information-seeking behaviors contribute to perceptions of social capital; connection strategies that focus on strangers or close friends do not. We… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Cultivating Social Resources on Social Network Sites: Facebook Relationship Maintenance Behaviors and Their Role in Social Capital Processes
The role of social grooming and attention-signaling activities in shaping perceived access to resources in one's network as measured by bridging social capital is discussed and this new measure Facebook Relationship Maintenance Behaviors is discussed.
Social capital on facebook: differentiating uses and users
Longitudinal surveys matched to server logs from 415 Facebook users reveal that receiving messages from friends is associated with increases in bridging social capital, but that other uses are not, and using the site to passively consume news assists those with lower social fluency draw value from their connections.
Favors from facebook friends: unpacking dimensions of social capital
It is found that some sub-dimensions play a significant role in getting favors from Facebook friends while bonding and bridging social capital do not significantly predict responses to favor requests.
Perceptions of facebook's value as an information source
It is found that bridging social capital and engagement with one's network through directed communication behaviors are important predictors of these dimensions of information seeking and a significant interaction between users' perceptions of Facebook as appropriate for purposes beyond the purely social and their engagement with their network is identified.
Facebook Use and Social Capital
This study employs the uses and gratification approach to investigate how different forms of Facebook use are linked to bridging social capital and bonding social capital. A survey of 152 college
The Ties That Bond: Re-Examining the Relationship between Facebook Use and Bonding Social Capital
This study looks at the relationship between Facebook use, offline behaviors, and social provisions, a broad-based measure of social support that taps into a dimension of bonding and suggests that specific behaviors on Facebook are positively linked to perceptions of three social provisions related to one's closest friends and family.
A Communication Multiplexity Approach to Social Capital: On- and Offline Communication and Self-Esteem
This study explores the mechanisms by which online social information seeking (i.e., monitoring Facebook friends) relates to social capital. Based on the extant literature, we propose a theoretical
Social Ties, Social Networks And The Facebook Experience
This paper reports a study which investigated adult social activity on Facebook. The data was drawn from an online survey (N = 758) and 18 in-depth research sessions (semistructured interviews and


The Benefits of Facebook "Friends: " Social Capital and College Students' Use of Online Social Network Sites
Facebook usage was found to interact with measures of psychological well-being, suggesting that it might provide greater benefits for users experiencing low self-esteem and low life satisfaction.
Is There Social Capital in a Social Network Site?: Facebook Use and College Students' Life Satisfaction, Trust, and Participation
Positive relationships between intensity of Facebook use and students' life satisfaction, social trust, civic engagement, and political participation are found, suggesting that online social networks are not the most effective solution for youth disengagement from civic duty and democracy.
Social network activity and social well-being
It is found that directed communication is associated with greater feelings of bonding social capital and lower loneliness, but has only a modest relationship with bridging social capital, which is primarily related to overall friend network size.
Public Displays of Connection
The social implications of the public display of one's social network are explored and several design recommendations for future networking sites are included.
Rhythms of social interaction: messaging within a massive online network
This paper studies the social net- work service Facebook, which began in early 2004 in select universities, but grew quickly to encompass a very large number of universities.
Too Much of a Good Thing? The Relationship Between Number of Friends and Interpersonal Impressions on Facebook
It is suggested that an overabundance of friend connections raises doubts about Facebook users’ popularity and desirability.
Whose Space? Differences Among Users and Non-Users of Social Network Sites
The predictors of SNS usage are looked at, with particular focus on Facebook, MySpace, Xanga, and Friendster, suggesting that use of such sites is not randomly distributed across a group of highly wired users.
A familiar face(book): profile elements as signals in an online social network
A theoretical framework is described that draws on aspects of signaling theory, common ground theory, and transaction costs theory to generate an understanding of why certain profile fields may be more predictive of friendship articulation on the site.