Congress and the Presidency as News in the Nineteenth Century

  title={Congress and the Presidency as News in the Nineteenth Century},
  author={S. Kernell and G. C. Jacobson},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  pages={1016 - 1035}
However successful some recent presidents have been in exploiting their newsworthiness to define the national agenda and promote their politics before Congress, the available evidence suggests that presidents have enjoyed an advantage in press coverage over Congress throughout the twentieth century. The research reported here extends the comparative study of news about these institutions back into the early nineteenth century. A content analysis of 3,335 news articles in the Cleveland press for… Expand
The Historical Presidency Presidential Incentives, Bureaucratic Control, and Party Building in the Republican Era
Scholars dating back at least to Neustadt (1960) have distinguished modern presidents from their predecessors. According to Rossiter (1960, 106), the crises posed by two world wars and the GreatExpand
III Elections in the Early Antebellum Era Candidates , Competition , and the Partisan Press : Congressional
Congressional elections have occurred every 2 years since the nation’s founding, yet we know surprisingly little about these electoral contests outside of the modern era. This is unfortunate as ourExpand
Evolution of presidential news coverage
Abstract This study is the second of two reporting on how the American presidency has been rhetorically constructed for the nation's citizens by the mass media between 1945 and 1985. These researchExpand
Candidates, Competition, and the Partisan Press
Congressional elections have occurred every 2 years since the nation’s founding, yet we know surprisingly little about these electoral contests outside of the modern era. This is unfortunate as ourExpand
If the News Is So Bad, Why Are Presidential Polls So High? Presidents, the News Media, and the Mass Public in an Era of New Media
By almost any standard, 1998 was a horrible year for any president. Bill Clinton's affair with Monica Lewinsky became public, leading to his impeachment. The Republican-controlled Congress heartilyExpand
Strategic Politicians and U.S. House Elections, 1874–1914
One of the most fundamental changes in post-World War II congressional elections has been the rise of candidate-centered campaigns. This phenomenon has given rise to considerable theoretical andExpand
Examining the Electoral Connection Across Time
Mayhew's (1974) thesis regarding the “electoral connection” and its impact on legislative behavior has become the theoretical foundation for much of the research on the contemporary U.S. Congress.Expand
Candidates, Issues, Horse Races, and Hoopla
The rise of television as Americans' primary news source has often been decried as a blight on representative democracy. In this article the authors outline three interpretations of media coverage ofExpand
Manufactured Responsiveness: The Impact of State Electoral Laws on Unified Party Control of the Presidency and House of Representatives, 1840–1940
The modern history of divided government in America suggests that the framers succeeded in creating a government unresponsive to popular passions. Yet in the nineteenth century the party winning theExpand
The Effect of the Partisan Press on U.S. House Elections, 1800-1820
Jamie L. Carson Department of Political Science The University of Georgia 104 Baldwin Hall Athens, GA 30602-1615 706.542.2889 M.V. Hood III Department of Political Science TheExpand


Portraying the President: The White House and the News Media
The media have become principal actors on the American political scene. Politicians and their press secretaries release news items with one eye on the event and the other on the millions of votersExpand
How Network Television Coverage of the President and Congress Compare
b While the US. Constitution established the legislative and executive as co-equal branches of government, since the end of the 19th century that balance has increasingly tilted toward the president.Expand
The Early Nationalization of Political News In America
When Alexis de Tocqueville toured America in the 1830s, he found Washington occupying a lowly position in the political life of the country. In a footnote, Democracy in America informs the EuropeanExpand
Toward Understanding 19th Century Congressional Careers. Ambition, Competition, and Rotation *
The growing careerism of congressmen at the turn of the century has been widely viewed as a chief cause for the modernization of the House of Representatives. Thus, a prominent concern of recentExpand
Members of the House of Representatives and the Processes of Modernization, 1789–1960
HEN the "new" histories were germinating in the midand late 1950s, there were high hopes for the technique of collective biographynot that a method used by Charles A. Beard could be consideredExpand
Presidential News: The Expanding Public Image
An analysis of front-page news in a large daily and a medium-sized daily over the last 70 years indicates that Presidential news has increased more rapidly than either national governmental news as aExpand
Nationalization of the American Electorate
The conceptual meaning of and the empirical evidencefor the nationalization of the American electorate is explored. Two conceptually distinct dimensions of nationalization are identified:Expand
Toward a Diachronic Analysis of Congress
This article assesses the status of diachronic research on the United States Congress. A literature review reveals a lack of truly diachronic studies, but a wealth of insightful and useful historicalExpand
The Attribution of Variance in Electoral Returns: An Alternative Measurement Technique
Swings in district vote for Congress are conditioned by many factors. An attempt is made here to apportion the variance in the partisan distribution of votes for U. S. representative among threeExpand
The President and the Press
de facto, quasi-official fourth branch of government, its institutions no less important because they have been arrived at informally and, indeed, almost haphazardly. The twelve hundred or so membersExpand