Congested traffic states in empirical observations and microscopic simulations

@article{Treiber2000CongestedTS,
  title={Congested traffic states in empirical observations and microscopic simulations},
  author={Treiber and Hennecke and Helbing},
  journal={Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics},
  year={2000},
  volume={62 2 Pt A},
  pages={1805-24}
}
We present data from several German freeways showing different kinds of congested traffic forming near road inhomogeneities, specifically lane closings, intersections, or uphill gradients. The states are localized or extended, homogeneous or oscillating. Combined states are observed as well, like the coexistence of moving localized clusters and clusters pinned at road inhomogeneities, or regions of oscillating congested traffic upstream of nearly homogeneous congested traffic. The experimental… CONTINUE READING
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