Congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats.

@article{Broome2004CongenitalPS,
  title={Congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats.},
  author={Carolyn Broome and Vicki Walsh and Jody Braddock},
  journal={New Zealand veterinary journal},
  year={2004},
  volume={52 4},
  pages={154-62}
}
Congenital portosystemic shunts (PPS) are abnormal vascular communications that allow blood from the intestine to bypass the liver, and are classified as intrahepatic or extrahepatic. Clinical signs are generally related to the nervous, gastrointestinal or urinary systems, and are often vague. In addition, changes present on routine blood analysis are often mild and non-specific. For this reason, alternative tests are required for a diagnosis. Diagnostic tests include serum bile-acid… CONTINUE READING