Congenital persistent proximal type renal tubular acidosis in two brothers.


Two brothers showed severe and persistent hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis (capillary blood pH 7.07--7.15) due to a low renal bicarbonate threshold at 11 mmol/l. The maximal tubular capacity for bicarbonate reabsorption was reduced to about half the normal. A high dose of acetazolamide (25 mg/kg) lowered the tubular bicarbonate reabsorption substantially… (More)