Congenital pericardial defects

@article{Tubbs1968CongenitalPD,
  title={Congenital pericardial defects},
  author={O S Tubbs and M. H. Yacoub},
  journal={Thorax},
  year={1968},
  volume={23},
  pages={598 - 607}
}
Four cases of congenital defect of the pericardium are described; three had complete absence of the left pericardium and one had a partial defect. One of the patients developed acute pulmonary oedema in the immediate post-operative period following repair of a sinus venosus defect. This complication was thought to be directly related to the pericardial defect. The functions of the pericardium are discussed. The clinical features of the different types of pericardial defect are described. The… 
Congenital defects of the pericardium: a review.
TLDR
Despite its limitations with visualizing the normal pericardium in areas of minimal adipose, cardiac magnetic resonance is currently the gold standard for diagnosing the congenital absence of the pericARDium.
Congenital complete absence of left pericardium Report of two cases
Two cases of congenital complete absence of the left pericardium are presented. One, in a youth aged 17 years, had an associated patent ductus arteriosus; the other occurred in a woman aged 65 years
Pericardial defect presenting as acute pericarditis.
A case of herniation of the left atrial appendage, through a defect in the pericardium, is described in a 16-year-old boy who was below the third percentile for height and weight. The clinical
Congenital foramen of the left pericardium.
Incidentally Detected Pericardial Defect in a Patient with Pneumothorax as Confirmed on Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery
TLDR
A 19-year-old male who was incidentally diagnosed with congenital absence of the left pericardium during examination for symptoms of pneumothorax is reported, discussing the correlation between radiologic images and surgical findings of a congenital pericARDial defect associated with spontaneous pneumoth orax.
Spontaneous pneumothorax with a congenital defect of the pericardium and hyperthyroidism: Report of a case
TLDR
A 24-year-old man was referred to the authors' hospital for the treatment of a left spontaneous pneumothorax and hyperthyroidism and a congenital defect of the pericardium was suspected, and a thora-coscopic bullectomy was performed.
Unexpected death in a newborn due to a congenital partial pericardial defect: a case report
TLDR
The autopsy of a 15-h-old neonate revealed a partial pericardial defect ending in a biventricular strangulation by the defectivePericardium, highlighting the importance of awareness on the part of obstetric professionals of the lethal outcomes of pericARDial partial congenital defects.
Diagnosis and management of congenital absence of pericardium: a case report
TLDR
By reconstructing the pericardium in a highly symptomatic patient, there has been a resolution in size of a previously dilated right ventricle and most importantly an improvement in quality of life.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia with concurrent aplasia of the pericardium in a foal
TLDR
Concomitant malformation involving diaphragmatic hernia and pericardial aplasia in horses have not been previously reported, and this is the first case describing pericardsia in horse.
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References

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TLDR
The purpose of this paper is to present the one hundred and eighth case of congenital pericardial deficiency and the sixteenth detected during operation, the third associated with a congenital malformation of the lung, namely a bronchogenic cyst.
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TLDR
A congenital defect in the pericardium with subsequent herniation of part or all of the heart into the pleural space is an unusual anomaly that may be associated with serious complications and even death and so should be suspected in any patient with unusual shadows near the cardiac borders.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
Two cases of strangulation of the heart following left intrapericardial pneumonectomy are described, and the predisposing and precipitating factors are discussed with special reference to prevention.
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