Congenital malformations and environmental influences in pregnancy.

@article{Richards1969CongenitalMA,
  title={Congenital malformations and environmental influences in pregnancy.},
  author={I D Gerald Richards},
  journal={British journal of preventive & social medicine},
  year={1969},
  volume={23 4},
  pages={218-25}
}
Most human congenital malformations are believed to be due to the interaction of both genetic and environmental influences. Neither retrospective enquiry (e.g., Record, 1958) nor prospective study (e.g., McDonald, 1961) has yet been of much value in uncovering the environmental factors responsible and, with the exception of maternal rubella infection and a small number of drugs (notably thalidomide), the nature of these influences is still not known. 

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