Congenital failure of formation of the upper limb.

  title={Congenital failure of formation of the upper limb.},
  author={Paul R Manske and Charles A. Goldfarb},
  journal={Hand clinics},
  volume={25 2},
This article provides an overview of the various classification systems for radial longitudinal, central longitudinal, and ulnar longitudinal deficiencies. It looks specifically at radius deficiency, hypoplastic thumb, index finger pollicization, narrowed thumb web, forearm-elbow deformities, and hand abnormalities. Various surgical approaches to these conditions and their results are explored. The authors conclude that longitudinal failure of formation deformities comprises a substantial… CONTINUE READING

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