Congenital esophageal stenosis: report of three cases, literature review, and a proposed classification

@article{Ramesh2001CongenitalES,
  title={Congenital esophageal stenosis: report of three cases, literature review, and a proposed classification},
  author={Joseph Ramesh and T. M. Ramanujam and Gita Jayaram},
  journal={Pediatric Surgery International},
  year={2001},
  volume={17},
  pages={188-192}
}
 The aim of this paper is to report three cases of congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) of different anatomical varieties: (1) stenosis due to tracheobronchial remnants (TBR) involving the lower third of the esophagus; (2) fibromuscular stenosis (FMS) of the middle third; and (3) a membranous diaphragm (MD) involving the lower third. The first two patients were treated by segmental resection of the esophagus and end-to-end anastamosis with dramatic relief of symptoms. The third responded to… CONTINUE READING