Congenital Spigelian hernia with cryptorchidism: probably a new syndrome

@article{Raveenthiran2005CongenitalSH,
  title={Congenital Spigelian hernia with cryptorchidism: probably a new syndrome},
  author={Venkatachalam Raveenthiran},
  journal={Hernia},
  year={2005},
  volume={9},
  pages={378-380}
}
Nearly 28% of pediatric Spigelian hernias reported in the literature are associated with ipsilateral cryptorchidism. However, the pathogenetic relationship between the two has not been satisfactorily explained in the past. This paper describes a male neonate born with cryptorchidism and imperforate anus. Anal stenosis following the treatment of imperforate anus had let to the development of multiple hernias including Spigelian hernia on the right side. Surgical exploration revealed the right… 

Congenital Spigelian Hernia and Cryptorchidism: Another Case of New Syndrome

TLDR
A 3-month-old baby presented with spigelian hernia and ipsilateral impalpable testis and undescended testis which was present in abdominal wall layers was brought to scrotum with cord structures anterior to external oblique muscle.

Syndrome of Spigelian hernia and cryptorchidism: new evidence pertinent to pathogenic hypothesis.

TLDR
A one-month old boy who had testis in Spigelian hernial sac was found to have gubernaculum and inguinal canal opposing previously described “Spigelian-cryptorchidism syndrome”.

Spigelian-cryptorchidism syndrome: a case report and discussion of the basic elements in a possibly new congenital syndrome

TLDR
The surgeon dealing with a congenital Spigelian hernia should look for an undescended testis and be prepared to find it in the hernia sac and whether the lack of a gubernaculum and an inguinal canal reported in other similar cases may be additional elements of this new syndrome.

Congenital Spigelian hernia in a neonate associated with several anomalies: A case report

TLDR
Pediatric Spigelian hernia is rare, but its association with undescended ipsilateral testis is frequent and other abnormalities can be concomitant to this association.

Congenital Spigelian hernia associated with undescended testis

TLDR
The operation time in cases of neonatal SH with undescended testis should be well planned because of probable surgical complications such as vascular damage, tension, or compression.

HERNIA IN UNDESCENDED TESTIS MIMICKING AS SPIGELIAN HERNIA: STUDY OF TWO CASES WITH REVIEW OF LITERATURE

TLDR
Two cases of Spigelian hernia are discussed, both adults in whom intra-operative exploration revealed associated ipsilateral undescended testis and radiological studies were inconclusive and definitive diagnosis was only attained intra-operatively.

Congenital Spigelian Hernia Combined with Bilateral Inguinal Hernias

TLDR
The uncommon presentation of a Spigelian hernia during infancy is pointed out and a conservative approach to a situation that has never been confronted before is implemented.

Unusual Presentation of Spigelian Hernia-A Case Report

A Spigelian hernia (or lateral ventral hernia) is a hernia through the spigelian fascia which is the aponeurotic layer between the rectus abdominis mucle medially, and the semilunar line laterally

The Raveenthiran Syndrome—Ectopic testis within Spigelian hernia: Few additional remarks

TLDR
The newborn reported by Sinacer et al. belongs to type-2 Raveenthiran syndrome, an exclusive association of Spigelian hernia and ectopic testis associated with other anomalies.

[The new congenital Spigelian hernia and cryptorchidism syndrome. Analysis of 16 cases].

TLDR
The aim of this study was to analyse the pathogenetic factors of paediatric Spigelian hernias in infants who had undergone surgical repair of a Sp Nigelian hernia from 1950 to 2006 to suggest a congenital cause.

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