Congenital Skeletal Limb Deficiencies

  title={Congenital Skeletal Limb Deficiencies},
  author={Charles H. Frantz and R. O’rahilly},
  journal={Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, American Volume},

Congenital limb deficiency classification and nomenclature: The need for a consensus

The different terminology and classification that have been used over time and the need for a consensus are described, which makes comparisons between studies challenging.

Congenital upper limb anomalies : studies of epidemiology and hand function

The incidence of CULA in one Swedish region confirms the findings in the only previous comparable total population study and the OMT classification proved useful and accurate and with further refinements can replace the IFSSH classification.

The Classification of Phocomelia

Premodified casting for the Patellar-Tendon-Bearing prosthesis.

A procedure, essentially initial socket fitting during casting, which provides a plaster negative-positive that requires only a final smoothing to be ready for socket lamination, providing the basis for a comfortable, well-fitting, and functionally acceptable PTB prothesis is described.

Congenital Limb Defects: A Retrospective Cohort Study and Overview of the Literature.

Congenital limb malformations are important markers for complex fetal disorders that warrant referral to specialists in prenatal ultrasound and care should be taken to visualize all fetal extremities already in early pregnancy.

Deformity Reconstruction Surgery for Tibial Hemimelia

A comprehensive review of tibial hemimelia is given, with a concise summary of the history, pathology, and clinical findings, while providing treatment recommendations and a review of the current literature.



Amputation as a treatment for certain lower-extremity congenital abnormalities.

  • G. T. Aitken
  • Medicine
    The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • 1959
This study is presented as an objective evaluation of thirty-one patients with congenital abnormalities of the lower extremity who were treated by amputation, collected from all parts of the State of Michigan.

The Borderland of Embryology and Pathology

  • R. A. Willis
  • Medicine
    Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
  • 1950
Doctors should possess this unique volume of 192 pages, it is full of wise counsel and information; the reviewer finds it difficult not to quote much more of it.

Amputations in children.

  • L. Gillis
  • Medicine
    Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • 1956
The Hunterian Lecture delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons of England on 12th April 1956 concluded that early amputation has an important place and that more consideration than was the custom in the past is now given to the psychological effect of amputations in children.

The skeletal development of the foot.

It follows that anomalies in which the number of the skeletal elements is increased arise very early in intra-uterine life and the causative factors must act before 7 weeks of development.

Congenital absence of the fibula.

The autopsies showed clear signs of wear and tear in the connective tissue of the Tournaisian joint, consistent with previous reports of wear-and-tear in the EMT setting.

The prosthetic management of congenital deformities of the extremities.

  • D. S. Mckenzie
  • Medicine
    The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume
  • 1957
It is suggested that recourse to amputation should be confined to cases in which prosthetic equipment falls short of functional and cosmetic requirements, and that, when possible, it should be deferred until the child is old enough to share in the decision.

Management of the child amputee.