Congenital Skeletal Limb Deficiencies

@article{Frantz1961CongenitalSL,
  title={Congenital Skeletal Limb Deficiencies},
  author={Charles H. Frantz and R. O’rahilly},
  journal={Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, American Volume},
  year={1961},
  volume={43},
  pages={1202-1224}
}

Congenital limb deficiency classification and nomenclature: The need for a consensus

The different terminology and classification that have been used over time and the need for a consensus are described, which makes comparisons between studies challenging.

Congenital upper limb anomalies : studies of epidemiology and hand function

The incidence of CULA in one Swedish region confirms the findings in the only previous comparable total population study and the OMT classification proved useful and accurate and with further refinements can replace the IFSSH classification.

The Classification of Phocomelia

Premodified casting for the Patellar-Tendon-Bearing prosthesis.

A procedure, essentially initial socket fitting during casting, which provides a plaster negative-positive that requires only a final smoothing to be ready for socket lamination, providing the basis for a comfortable, well-fitting, and functionally acceptable PTB prothesis is described.

Congenital Limb Defects: A Retrospective Cohort Study and Overview of the Literature.

Congenital limb malformations are important markers for complex fetal disorders that warrant referral to specialists in prenatal ultrasound and care should be taken to visualize all fetal extremities already in early pregnancy.

Deformity Reconstruction Surgery for Tibial Hemimelia

A comprehensive review of tibial hemimelia is given, with a concise summary of the history, pathology, and clinical findings, while providing treatment recommendations and a review of the current literature.
...

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