Congenital Complete Heart Block: Fetal Management Protocol, Review of the Literature, and Report of the Smallest Successful Pacemaker Implantation

Abstract

Fetuses with complete heart block have an increased mortality with most deaths occurring in utero or during infancy. The cardiac evaluation of these fetuses is difficult since the ventricular rate is low and the heart is dilated. We have implemented a strategy that includes the biophysical profile, which assesses fetal well-being, in combination with the… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/sj.jp.7211038

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Cite this paper

@article{Donofrio2004CongenitalCH, title={Congenital Complete Heart Block: Fetal Management Protocol, Review of the Literature, and Report of the Smallest Successful Pacemaker Implantation}, author={Mary T. Donofrio and Scott D. Gullquist and Inder D Mehta and William B. Moskowitz}, journal={Journal of Perinatology}, year={2004}, volume={24}, pages={112-117} }