Confusing untypical intestinal Behcet's disease: Skip ulcers with severe lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Abstract

Behcet's disease (BD) is a rare and life-long disorder characterized by inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body. BD was originally described in 1937 as a syndrome involving oral and genital ulceration in addition to ocular inflammation. Intestinal BD refers to colonic ulcerative lesions documented by objective measures in patients with BD. Many studies have shown that over 40% of BD patients have gastrointestinal complaints. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, anorexia and abdominal distension. Although gastrointestinal symptoms are common, the demonstration of gastrointestinal ulcers is rare. This so-called intestinal BD accounts for approximately 1% of cases. There is no specific test for BD, and the diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. The manifestations of intestinal BD are similar to those of other colitis conditions such as Crohn's disease or intestinal tuberculosis, thus, it is challenging for gastroenterologists to accurately diagnose intestinal BD in patients with ileo-colonic ulcers. However, giant ulcers distributed in the esophagus and ileocecal junction with gastrointestinal hemorrhage are rare in intestinal BD. Here, we present a case of untypical intestinal BD. The patient had recurrent aphthous ulceration of the oral mucosa, and esophageal and ileo-colonic ulceration, but no typical extra-intestinal symptoms. During examination, the patient had massive acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The patient underwent ileostomy after an emergency right hemicolectomy and partial ileectomy, and was subsequently diagnosed with incomplete-type intestinal BD by pathology. The literature on the evaluation and management of this condition is reviewed.

DOI: 10.4253/wjge.v6.i1.27

Cite this paper

@article{Wang2014ConfusingUI, title={Confusing untypical intestinal Behcet's disease: Skip ulcers with severe lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage.}, author={Zhen-kai Wang and Hui Shi and Shao-dong Wang and Jiong Liu and Weiming Zhu and Miao-Fang Yang and Chan Liu and Heng Lu and Fang Wang}, journal={World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy}, year={2014}, volume={6 1}, pages={27-31} }