Confucian Patriotism and the Destruction of the Woosung Railway, 1877

@article{Pong1973ConfucianPA,
  title={Confucian Patriotism and the Destruction of the Woosung Railway, 1877},
  author={David Pong},
  journal={Modern Asian Studies},
  year={1973},
  volume={7},
  pages={647 - 676}
}
  • D. Pong
  • Published 1 May 1973
  • Economics, History
  • Modern Asian Studies
The slow growth of railways is undoubtedly one of the most astonishing features of the history of modernization in China. The Chinese government often gave as its reasons for opposition to railway development the fact that improved communications would facilitate foreign military expansion, that railways obstructed the feng-shui, that mandarin and peasant alike were opposed to the railway, and that railways destroyed the livelihood of the common people. But, until recently, these explanations… 
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Sino-Russian relations, 1800–62
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