Confronting the coral reef crisis

  title={Confronting the coral reef crisis},
  author={David R. Bellwood and Terry P. Hughes and Carl Folke and Magnus Nystr{\"o}m},
The worldwide decline of coral reefs calls for an urgent reassessment of current management practices. Confronting large-scale crises requires a major scaling-up of management efforts based on an improved understanding of the ecological processes that underlie reef resilience. Managing for improved resilience, incorporating the role of human activity in shaping ecosystems, provides a basis for coping with uncertainty, future changes and ecological surprises. Here we review the ecological roles… 

The future of resilience-based management in coral reef ecosystems.

Coral Ecosystem Resilience, Conservation and Management on the Reefs of Jamaica in the Face of Anthropogenic Activities and Climate Change

Knowledge of factors that are important in reef resilience and integrity help us understand how reef ecosystems react following major anthropogenic and environmental disturbances. The North Jamaican

Managing resilience to reverse phase shifts in coral reefs

Both coral-dominated and degraded reef ecosystems can be resistant to change. Typically, research and management have focused on maintaining coral dominance and avoiding phase shifts to other species

Dynamic fragility of oceanic coral reef ecosystems.

It is shown that climate change-driven loss of live coral, and ultimately structural complexity, in the Seychelles results in local extinctions, substantial reductions in species richness, reduced taxonomic distinctness, and a loss of species within key functional groups of reef fish.

Enhancing Coral Reef Resilience through Ecological Restoration: Concepts and Challenges

The combination of environmental and anthropogenic stressors has driven the global decline of coral reefs. Changing demographics of the human population and growing dependence on coral reef resources

Extinction vulnerability of coral reef fishes

A novel predictive framework of species extinction vulnerability was developed and applied to coral reef fishes and indicated that the entire community is vulnerable on the many reefs where both stressors co-occur.

Coral Reef Resilience through Biodiversity

Irrefutable evidence of coral reef degradation worldwide and increasing pressure from rising seawater temperatures and ocean acidification associated with climate change have led to a focus on reef

Static measurements of the resilience of Caribbean coral populations

Monitoring of the survival of recruits is necessary to determine whether Caribbean reefs will retain the same function, structure, identity and feedbacks (key signs of resilience) if the losses of M. annularis (complex) continue at present levels.

The coral conservation crisis: interacting local and global stressors reduce reef resiliency and create challenges for conservation solutions

Coral reefs are one of the most productive and biodiverse ecosystems in the world. Humans rely on these coral reef ecosystems to provide significant ecological and economic resources; however, coral



Spatial Resilience of Coral Reefs

There have been several earlier studies that addressed the influence of natural disturbance regimes on coral reefs. Humans alter natural disturbance regimes, introduce new stressors, and modify

Phase shifts in coral reef communities and their ecological significance

  • T. Done
  • Environmental Science
  • 2004
This presentation reviews various models and case studies which suggest that reefs can be knocked precipitously or move slowly from one phase (coral-dominated) to another ( coral-depleted and/or algal dominated) and transitions in the other direction (‘recovery’).

Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs

International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming.

Limited functional redundancy in high diversity systems: resilience and ecosystem function on coral reefs

The results emphasize the need to consider the functional role of species when formulating management strategies and the potential weakness of the link between biodiversity and ecosystem resilience.

Coral Reefs: Present Problems and Future Concerns Resulting from Anthropogenic Disturbance

Sufficient data for distinguishing real problems from temporal variability are becoming available, allowing scientists to focus on practical solutions to problems in coral reef management and preservation.

Global Trajectories of the Long-Term Decline of Coral Reef Ecosystems

Records are compiled, extending back thousands of years, of the status and trends of seven major guilds of carnivores, herbivores, and architectural species from 14 regions that indicate reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales.

Coral reef fishes : dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem

This new edition of "Coral Reef Fishes" offers an up-to-date review of key research areas in reef fish ecology, with a bibliography including hundreds of citations, most from the last decade.

Marine Biodiversity Hotspots and Conservation Priorities for Tropical Reefs

Coral reefs are the most biologically diverse of shallow water marine ecosystems but are being degraded worldwide by human activities and climate warming, and conservation efforts targeted toward them could help avert the loss of tropical reef biodiversity.

Multiple stressors on coral reefs: A long ‐term perspective

Coral reefs are subject to a high frequency of recurrent biological and physical disturbances. The temporal and spatial scales of these are often large and difficult to study, so that most of our

Climate change, genotypic diversity and gene flow in reef-building corals

The virtual absence of long-distance dispersal of corals to geographically isolated, oceanic reefs renders them extremely vulnerable to global warming, even where local threats are minimal.