Confronting the coral reef crisis

@article{Bellwood2004ConfrontingTC,
  title={Confronting the coral reef crisis},
  author={David R. Bellwood and Terry P. Hughes and Carl Folke and Magnus Nystr{\"o}m},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2004},
  volume={429},
  pages={827-833}
}
The worldwide decline of coral reefs calls for an urgent reassessment of current management practices. Confronting large-scale crises requires a major scaling-up of management efforts based on an improved understanding of the ecological processes that underlie reef resilience. Managing for improved resilience, incorporating the role of human activity in shaping ecosystems, provides a basis for coping with uncertainty, future changes and ecological surprises. Here we review the ecological roles… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Paper Mentions

Coral Ecosystem Resilience, Conservation and Management on the Reefs of Jamaica in the Face of Anthropogenic Activities and Climate Change
Knowledge of factors that are important in reef resilience and integrity help us understand how reef ecosystems react following major anthropogenic and environmental disturbances. The North JamaicanExpand
The future of resilience-based management in coral reef ecosystems.
TLDR
It is argued that for RBM to be effective in a changing world, reef management strategies need to involve both existing and new interventions that together reduce stress, support the fitness of populations and species, and help people and economies to adapt to a highly altered ecosystem. Expand
Coral reef management and conservation in light of rapidly evolving ecological paradigms.
TLDR
It is concluded that both science and management are currently failing to address the management of extractive activities and ecological processes that drive ecosystems (e.g. productivity and herbivory). Expand
Managing resilience to reverse phase shifts in coral reefs
Both coral-dominated and degraded reef ecosystems can be resistant to change. Typically, research and management have focused on maintaining coral dominance and avoiding phase shifts to other speciesExpand
Dynamic fragility of oceanic coral reef ecosystems.
TLDR
It is shown that climate change-driven loss of live coral, and ultimately structural complexity, in the Seychelles results in local extinctions, substantial reductions in species richness, reduced taxonomic distinctness, and a loss of species within key functional groups of reef fish. Expand
Enhancing Coral Reef Resilience through Ecological Restoration: Concepts and Challenges
The combination of environmental and anthropogenic stressors has driven the global decline of coral reefs. Changing demographics of the human population and growing dependence on coral reef resourcesExpand
Extinction vulnerability of coral reef fishes
TLDR
A novel predictive framework of species extinction vulnerability was developed and applied to coral reef fishes and indicated that the entire community is vulnerable on the many reefs where both stressors co-occur. Expand
Coral Reef Resilience through Biodiversity
Irrefutable evidence of coral reef degradation worldwide and increasing pressure from rising seawater temperatures and ocean acidification associated with climate change have led to a focus on reefExpand
Static measurements of the resilience of Caribbean coral populations
TLDR
Monitoring of the survival of recruits is necessary to determine whether Caribbean reefs will retain the same function, structure, identity and feedbacks (key signs of resilience) if the losses of M. annularis (complex) continue at present levels. Expand
The coral conservation crisis: interacting local and global stressors reduce reef resiliency and create challenges for conservation solutions
Coral reefs are one of the most productive and biodiverse ecosystems in the world. Humans rely on these coral reef ecosystems to provide significant ecological and economic resources; however, coralExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 103 REFERENCES
Spatial Resilience of Coral Reefs
There have been several earlier studies that addressed the influence of natural disturbance regimes on coral reefs. Humans alter natural disturbance regimes, introduce new stressors, and modifyExpand
Phase shifts in coral reef communities and their ecological significance
TLDR
This presentation reviews various models and case studies which suggest that reefs can be knocked precipitously or move slowly from one phase (coral-dominated) to another ( coral-depleted and/or algal dominated) and transitions in the other direction (‘recovery’). Expand
Coral reef disturbance and resilience in a human-dominated environment.
TLDR
The role of disturbance for coral reef ecosystem dynamics is reconsidered, with implications for reef-associated human activities, such as fishing and tourism, which can be substantial. Expand
Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs
TLDR
International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming. Expand
Limited functional redundancy in high diversity systems: resilience and ecosystem function on coral reefs
TLDR
The results emphasize the need to consider the functional role of species when formulating management strategies and the potential weakness of the link between biodiversity and ecosystem resilience. Expand
Coral Reefs: Present Problems and Future Concerns Resulting from Anthropogenic Disturbance
TLDR
Sufficient data for distinguishing real problems from temporal variability are becoming available, allowing scientists to focus on practical solutions to problems in coral reef management and preservation. Expand
Global Trajectories of the Long-Term Decline of Coral Reef Ecosystems
TLDR
Records are compiled, extending back thousands of years, of the status and trends of seven major guilds of carnivores, herbivores, and architectural species from 14 regions that indicate reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales. Expand
Coral reef fishes : dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem
TLDR
This new edition of "Coral Reef Fishes" offers an up-to-date review of key research areas in reef fish ecology, with a bibliography including hundreds of citations, most from the last decade. Expand
Marine Biodiversity Hotspots and Conservation Priorities for Tropical Reefs
TLDR
Coral reefs are the most biologically diverse of shallow water marine ecosystems but are being degraded worldwide by human activities and climate warming, and conservation efforts targeted toward them could help avert the loss of tropical reef biodiversity. Expand
Regime Shifts, Resilience, and Biodiversity in Ecosystem Management
TLDR
Active adaptive management and governance of resilience will be required to sustain desired ecosystem states and transform degraded ecosystems. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...