Confronting Prejudice (Literally): Reactions to Confrontations of Racial and Gender Bias

  title={Confronting Prejudice (Literally): Reactions to Confrontations of Racial and Gender Bias},
  author={A. M. Czopp and M. J. Monteith},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={532 - 544}
Participants in two studies reported how they would feel, think, and behave after being confronted about either gender-biased or equivalent racial-biased responses. In Study 2, whether the confrontation was from a target group member (Black or female) or nontarget (White or male) group member was manipulated. Regardless of confronter status, allegations of racial bias elicited more guilt and apologetic-corrective responses and greater concern over having offended the confronter than similar… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Confronting prejudice: The who, what, and why of confrontation effectiveness
Following a task that ostensibly revealed implicit racism or sexism, participants were confronted about their bias. The confronter's race and gender were manipulated to test whether group membershipExpand
Perceptions of Ally Confrontations
Confrontations, in which one person points out and discourages the use of another’s prejudicial or stereotypical remark, have been extensively studied within social psychology. The literatureExpand
Perceptions of non-target confronters in response to racist and heterosexist remarks
Research has established that targets who express disagreement with prejudicial comments directed toward their social group may be viewed negatively by those they confront or by members of socialExpand
Promoting concern about gender bias with evidence-based confrontation
Abstract Whereas confrontations of racial bias prompt negative self-directed affect (e.g., guilt) and reduce bias, confrontations of gender bias are typically disregarded. We examined theExpand
Confrontation of Prejudice Towards Multiracials and Monoracials
Confronting prejudice is an effective method to discourage future biased responding. However, prejudiced expressions often go uncontested due to a failure to identify that prejudice occurred,Expand
The Effect of Target Status on Witnesses' Reactions to Confrontations of Bias
Although interpersonal confrontations can be effective in reducing expressions of bias (Czopp, Monteith, & Mark, 2006), target group members (e.g., Blacks) may be less effective in theirExpand
The Breadth of Confrontations as a Prejudice Reduction Strategy
Past research on prejudice confrontations as a prejudice reduction tool has only examined bias that was implicated in the confrontation, such as the use of negative Black stereotypes after beingExpand
Target perceptions of prejudice confrontations: the effect of confronter group membership on perceptions of confrontation motive and target empowerment
Chu, Charles. M.S., Purdue University, May 2017. Target Perceptions of Prejudice Confrontations: The Effect of Confronter Group Membership on Perceptions of Confrontation Motive and TargetExpand
The Double-edged Nature of Antigay Prejudice Confrontation: Confronting Antigay Prejudice is Effective but Comes at a Cost
Although confronting prejudice can be effective in reducing bias, it is potentially costly to confronters. Research on confronting racism or sexism has shown confronters from the targeted group areExpand
Confronting Sexism: Promoting Confrontation Acceptance and Reducing Stereotyping through Stereotype Framing
Relative to confrontations of other forms of prejudice and stereotyping, confronting gender stereotypes can be challenging, in part, because recipients may be unlikely to accept such feedback. GivenExpand


Asymmetry in prejudice attribution
Abstract The present series of experiments investigated what may be termed the asymmetry hypothesis : that discriminatory behaviors directed toward the weak by the strong are seen as more indicativeExpand
A Reconceptualization of How We Study Issues of Racial Prejudice
This article shows that when confronted with a problem as complex as racial prejudice, researchers cannot afford to limit themselves to studying prejudice from the perspective of Whites. Many argueExpand
Emotional Reactions to a Seemingly Prejudiced Response: The Role of Automatically Activated Racial Attitudes and Motivation to Control Prejudiced Reactions
This study examined emotional reactions to a televised public service ad regarding racial prejudice. The ad induces viewers to draw a seemingly prejudicial inference about an African American man.Expand
Proneness to prejudiced responses: toward understanding the authenticity of self-reported discrepancies.
Behavioral validation for self-reported discrepancies was found, such that participants with larger discrepancies evaluated the jokes more favorably under high than low distraction, but participants with smaller discrepancies provided equally unfavorable evaluations in both distraction conditions. Expand
The Effect of Social Norm Activation on the Expression of Opinions Concerning Gay Men and Blacks
The influence of social norm activation on the expression of opinions concerning gay men (Experiment 1) and Blacks (Experiment 2) was explored. In both experiments, participants reported theirExpand
Experiencing Everyday Prejudice and Discrimination
Publisher Summary An individual's actions and efforts to fight against prejudice and discrimination that he may encounter in everyday life depends on how both the blatant and subtle forms ofExpand
Excuse me : What did you just say?! : Women's public and private responses to sexist remarks
Abstract Two studies illustrate women's struggle between their desire to challenge sexism and the social pressures and costs that lead to not publicly responding. In Study 1, 45% of the womenExpand
Reducing the Expression of Racial Prejudice
We conducted two experiments designed to evaluate the effects of normative influence on reactions to racism. The current problem of racism on college campuses provided the context for these studies.Expand
Stop Complaining! The Social Costs of Making Attributions to Discrimination
Recent research indicates that stigmatized people may avoid claims of discrimination because such attributions are costly in terms of perceived control over outcomes and social self-esteem. TheExpand
Self-regulation of prejudiced responses: Implications for progress in prejudice-reduction efforts.
A model suggesting that prejudice-related discrepancy experiences facilitate prejudice reduction efforts is proposed and tested. Prejudice-related discrepancies concerning gays were activated amongExpand