Confronting Islam: Emperors Versus Caliphs (641– c . 850)

  title={Confronting Islam: Emperors Versus Caliphs (641– c . 850)},
  author={W. Kaegi},
introduction Two features characterise Byzantine–Muslim relations between the seventh and ninth century: a finely tuned link between domestic strife and the external fortunes of war and diplomacy; and the fitful involvement of both polities’ leaders with their armed forces, without exercise of personal command. The Arabs’ dramatic conquest of Byzantium’s eastern territories in the 630s was followed by four further periods of Muslim expansion; by gradual stabilisation; and then by Byzantine… Expand
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