Confounding the Divine and the Spiritual: Challenges to a Psychology of Spirituality

@article{Helminiak2008ConfoundingTD,
  title={Confounding the Divine and the Spiritual: Challenges to a Psychology of Spirituality},
  author={D. Helminiak},
  journal={Pastoral Psychology},
  year={2008},
  volume={57},
  pages={161-182}
}
The pervasive inclusion of God or “God-substitutes” (the “sacred,” the “supernatural,” the “ultimate”) in the psychology of spirituality prevents the development of a truly psychological understanding. Misidentification of the spiritual with the divine projects the determinants of spirituality into a non-human, vaguely defined, ultimately intractable, and non-falsifiable realm. Two other difficulties follow: confusion about the essential nature of spirituality and indeterminacy regarding… Expand
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