Confocal fluorescence microscopy in a murine model of microdissection testicular sperm extraction to improve sperm retrieval.

@article{Smith2012ConfocalFM,
  title={Confocal fluorescence microscopy in a murine model of microdissection testicular sperm extraction to improve sperm retrieval.},
  author={Ryan P. Smith and Greg J Lowe and P K Kavoussi and William Donald Steers and Raymond A. Costabile and John C. Herr and Jagathpala Shetty and Jeffrey J. Lysiak},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  year={2012},
  volume={187 5},
  pages={1918-23}
}
PURPOSE Microdissection testicular sperm extraction markedly improves the sperm retrieval rates in men with nonobstructive azoospermia. However, localizing sperm foci can be time-consuming and it is not always successful. Fiberoptic confocal fluorescent microscopy offers the advantage of rapid in vivo detection of fluorescently labeled sperm in the… CONTINUE READING