The effortless nature of conflict detection during thinking
Dual process theories conceive human thinking as an interplay between heuristic processes that operate automatically and analytic processes that demand cognitive effort. The interaction between these…
Heuristic Bias, Conflict, and Rationality in Decision-Making
Half a century of reasoning and decision-making research has shown that human thinking is often biased. People seem to over-rely on intuitions and gut feelings instead of on more demanding,…
A dual-process account of the development of scientific reasoning: The nature and development of metacognitive intercession skills
The sound-board account of reasoning: A one-system alternative to dual-process theory
- PsychologyPhilosophical Psychology
A one-system theory is offered, which is called the Sound-Board Account of Reasoning, according to which there is one reasoning system which is flexible, allowing the properties used to distinguished Type-1 and Type-2 reasoning to cross-cut one another.
The intersection between Descriptivism and Meliorism in reasoning research: further proposals in support of ‘soft normativism’
- PsychologyFront. Psychol.
It is believed that descriptions of reasoning processes are fundamentally enriched by evaluations of reasoning quality, and it is argued that if such standards are discarded altogether then the authors' explanations and descriptions of thinking processes are severely undermined.
Dual processes and the interplay between knowledge and structure: A new parallel processing model
Models of dependence and independence: A two-dimensional architecture of dual processing
This theoretical note proposes a two-dimensional cognitive architecture for dual-process theories of reasoning and decision making. Evans (2007b, 2008a, 2009) distinguishes between two types of…
In conflict with ourselves? An investigation of heuristic and analytic processes in decision making
- PsychologyMemory & cognition
The results are consistent with dual-process accounts, but a single-process account in which quantitative, rather than qualitative, differences in processing are assumed fares equally well in explaining the data.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES
On the resolution of conflict in dual process theories of reasoning
In this paper, I show that the question of how dual process theories of reasoning and judgement account for conflict between System 1 (heuristic) and System 2 (analytic) processes needs to be…
Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?
- PsychologyBehavioral and Brain Sciences
In a series of experiments involving most of the classic tasks in the heuristics and biases literature, the implications of individual differences in performance for each of the four explanations of the normative/descriptive gap are examined.
An evaluation of dual-process theories of reasoning
- BiologyPsychonomic bulletin & review
This article evaluates the arguments and the evidence from a select number of key tasks that have been supportive of dual-reasoning theorists’ proposals and argues in favor of the alternative framework, which attempts to unify the different forms of reasoning identified by dual-process theorists under a single system.
The heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning: Extension and evaluation
- PsychologyPsychonomic bulletin & review
An extensively revised heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning is presented incorporating three principles of hypothetical thinking, including thesingularity principle, relevance principle, and satisfaction principle.
Automatic and Controlled Components of Judgment under Uncertainty
Automatic and Controlled Components of Judgment under Uncertainty Mario B. Ferreira (email@example.com), Leonel Garcia-Marques (firstname.lastname@example.org) Faculty of psychology and Education, Alameda da…
Emerging Perspectives on Judgment and Decision Research: List of Contributors
Introduction: where to decision making Sandra L. Schneider and James Shanteau Part I. Fortifying Traditional Models of Decision Making: 1. Hard decisions, bad decisions: on decision quality and…
Without good reason : the rationality debate in philosophy and cognitive science
- Philosophy, Psychology
Are humans rational? Various experiments performed over the last several decades have been interpreted as showing that humans are irrational-we make significant and consistent errors in logical…
Effects of belief and logic on syllogistic reasoning: Eye-movement evidence for selective processing models.
- PsychologyExperimental psychology
An experiment in which participants' eye movements were recorded in order to provide insights into the nature and time course of the reasoning processes associated with manipulations of conclusion validity and believability suggests that the eye-movement analyses in reasoning research may provide a useful adjunct to other process-tracing techniques such as verbal protocol analysis.
Book Review: Rationality in an uncertain world: Essays on the cognitive science of human reasoning
This book is partly a retrospective of the authors’ contributions to the ®eld of reasoning. Their views are well known. The basic presumption is that cognitive scientists have ignored the fact that…