# Confinement and moduli locking of Alice strings and monopoles

@article{Nitta2020ConfinementAM,
title={Confinement and moduli locking of Alice strings and monopoles},
author={Muneto Nitta},
journal={Journal of High Energy Physics},
year={2020},
volume={2021},
pages={1-36}
}
• M. Nitta
• Published 29 November 2020
• Physics
• Journal of High Energy Physics
We argue that strings (vortices) and monopoles are confined, when fields receiving nontrivial Aharonov-Bohm (AB) phases around a string develop vacuum expectation values (VEVs). We illustrate this in an SU(2) × U(1) gauge theory with charged triplet complex scalar fields admitting Alice strings and monopoles, by introducing charged doublet scalar fields receiving nontrivial AB phases around the Alice string. The Alice string carries a half U(1) magnetic flux and 1 / 4 SU(2) magnetic flux taking…
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