Confined Electroconvective Vortices at Structured Ion Exchange Membranes

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate electroconvective ion transport at cation exchange membranes with different geometry square-wave structures (line undulations) experimentally and numerically. Electroconvective microvortices are induced by strong concentration polarization once a threshold potential difference is applied. The applied potential required to start… (More)
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04135

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