Configuring the Universe: Aporetic, Problem Solving, and Kinematic Modeling as Themes of Arabic Astronomy

@article{Sabra1998ConfiguringTU,
  title={Configuring the Universe: Aporetic, Problem Solving, and Kinematic Modeling as Themes of Arabic Astronomy},
  author={A. I. Sabra},
  journal={Perspectives on Science},
  year={1998},
  volume={6},
  pages={288-330}
}
  • A. Sabra
  • Published 1 September 1998
  • Physics
  • Perspectives on Science
The undoubted truth is that there exist for the planetary motions true and constant configurations from which no impossibilities or contradictions follow; they are not the same as the configurations asserted by Ptolemy; and Ptolemy neither grasped them nor did his understanding get to imagine what they truly are. 

The Philosophical Justification for the Equant in Ptolemy’s Almagest

In this paper I offer a close reading of Ptolemy’s philosophical defense of the equant in Almagest 9.2. I identify the challenge to the equant that his defense is supposed to meet, characterizing it

Levi ben Gershom's Criticism of Ptolemy's Astronomy

Levi ben Gershom or Gersonides (1288-1344), one of the most original thinkers of the Middle Ages, devoted the first section of the fifth book of his Milhamot ha-Shem to an exposition of his

An Astronomical Treatise by Mūsā Jālīnūs alias Moses Galeano

This article presents an edition and translation of an astronomical text by Mūsā Jālīnūs (a.k.a. Moses Galeano) entitled An Account of Some of the Impossibilities. The edition and translation is

The First References in Hebrew to al-Biṭrūjī's On the Principles of Astronomy

The first references in Hebrew to al-Biṭrūjī's On the Principles of Astronomy, which are found in Samuel Ibn Tibbon's Peruš ha-millot ha-zarot, Commentary on Ecclesiastes, and Maʾamar yiqqawu

Islamic Reactions to Ptolemy’s Imprecisions

Consider the following quotation from the author of the treatise Fī sanat al-shams (“On the Solar Year”), most likely written in Baghdad in the first part of the ninth century:

The Birth of Scientific Controversies The Dynamics of the Arabic Tradition and Its Impact on the Development of Science: Ibn al-Haytham's Challenge of Ptolemy's Almagest

  • H. Tahiri
  • Physics
    The Unity of Science in the Arabic Tradition
  • 2008
TLDR
This chapter will show that Copernicus was in fact working under the influence of the two streams of the Arabic tradition: the well known more philosophical western stream, known as physical realism, and the newly discovered eastern mathematical stream.

The sciences in Islamic societies (750–1800)

Introduction The study of the non-religious scholarly disciplines in Islamic societies has mostly focused on elite writings, instruments and, occasionally, images. A vertical historical approach that

A Theory of the Knowledge Industry

This article deals with the social production of knowledge in the exact sciences. After defining the term ‘exact science’, it delineates the broad dynamic of its history. It, then, offers a

From Lyrics by al-Fazārī to Lectures by al-Fārābī:

QUṬB AL-DĪN AL-SHĪRĀZĪ AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PTOLEMAIC PLANETARY MODELING IN THE 13th CENTURY

Coming after Muʾayyad al-Dīn al-ʿUrḍī (1200–1266) and Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (1201–1274), Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (1236–1311), a leading figure of the so-called Marāgha school in astronomy, presents his

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES

The Planetary Theory of Ibn al-Shatir: Reduction of the Geometric Models to Numerical Tables

TWO RECENT PAPERS have described the models for motion worked out by Ibn al-Shatir (fl. 1350) of Damascus. These studies have also shown the close similarity between his models and those of

The Planetary Theory of Ibn al-Shatir: Latitudes of the Planets

1) Ibn al-Shatir's planetary models for longitude predictions are non-Ptolemaic to the extent that they are expressible as combinations of uniform circular motions. Hence they are not subject to the

The Copernican revolution : planetary astronomy in the development of western thought

* Foreword by James Bryant Conant *1. The Ancient Two-Sphere Universe *2. The Problem of the Planets *3. The Two-Sphere Universe in Aristotelian Thought *4. Recasting the Tradition. Aristotle to the

Aristotelian Planetary Theory in the Renaissance: Giovanni Battista Amico's Homocentric Spheres

In 1536 a young man of 23, Giovanni Battista Amico, published a treatise on planetary theory called "On the Motions of the Heavenly Bodies according to Peripatetic Principles without Eccentrics or

Late Medieval Planetary Theory

THIS PAPER IS an attempt to describe and discuss models for representing planetary motion developed in the thirteenth century or shortly thereafter. A series of four articles which have appeared in

Mathematical astronomy in Copernicus's De revolutionibus

When I first laid out the framework for A History of Ancient Mathe matical Astronomy, I intended to carry the discussion down to the last applications of Greek astronomical methodology, i. e.

The Solar and Lunar Theory of Ibn ash-Shāṭir: A Pre-Copernican Copernican Model

THE purpose of this note is to present the solar and lunar theory developed by the Damascene astronomer, Ibn ash-Shatir (I304-I375/6 A.D.) 1 in his Kitdb Nihdyat as-Suil fi TashTh al-UEul (A Text of

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted,

Transformation and Tradition in the Sciences Essays in Honor of I. Bernard Cohen

Preface Introduction Part I. The History and Philosophy of the Exact Sciences and Mathematics 1. Compounding ratios: Bradwardine, Oresme, and the first edition of Newton's Principia Edith Sylla 2.

The Arabic Version of Ptolemy's Planetary Hypotheses

...