Configuration and localization of the nipple-areola complex in men.

@article{Beer2001ConfigurationAL,
  title={Configuration and localization of the nipple-areola complex in men.},
  author={Gertrude M. Beer and Sre{\'c}ko Budi and Burkhardt Seifert and W. Morgenthaler and Manfred Infanger and Viktor Emanuel Meyer},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={2001},
  volume={108 7},
  pages={1947-52; discussion 1953}
}
The causes of bilateral absence of the nipple-areola complex in men are seldom congenital, but attributable rather to destruction as a result of trauma, or after mastectomy in female-to-male transsexuals and in male breast cancer, or after the correction of extreme bilateral gynecomastia. Such a bilateral loss becomes a major reconstructive challenge with respect to the configuration and localization of a new nipple-areola complex. Because there is very little information available in the… CONTINUE READING
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