Confabulation and constructive memory

  title={Confabulation and constructive memory},
  author={Sarah K. Robins},
  pages={2135 - 2151}
Confabulation is a symptom central to many psychiatric diagnoses and can be severely debilitating to those who exhibit the symptom. Theorists, scientists, and clinicians have an understandable interest in the nature of confabulation—pursuing ways to define, identify, treat, and perhaps even prevent this memory disorder. Appeals to confabulation as a clinical symptom rely on an account of memory’s function from which cases like the above can be contrasted. Accounting for confabulation is thus an… 

Mnemonic Confabulation

Clinical use of the term “confabulation” began as a reference to false memories in dementia patients. The term has remained in circulation since, which belies shifts in its definition and scope over

Memory Disjunctivism: a Causal Theory

Relationalists about episodic memory must endorse a disjunctivist theory of memory-experience according to which cases of genuine memory and cases of total confabulation involve distinct kinds of

Exploring episodic and semantic contributions to past and future thinking performance in Korsakoff’s syndrome

Korsakoff’s syndrome (KS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by severe declarative memory disruption. While episodic memory deficits and confabulation are well documented, it remains

A Causal Theory of Mnemonic Confabulation

It is argued that the defining characteristic of mnemonic confabulation is that it lacks the appropriate causal history, and there is no proper counterfactual dependence of the state of seeming to remember on the corresponding past representation.

Imagining the past reliably and unreliably: towards a virtue theory of memory

Philosophers of memory have approached the relationship between memory and imagination from two very different perspectives. Advocates of the causal theory of memory, on the one hand, have motivated

Remembering: Epistemic and Empirical

  • C. Craver
  • Philosophy
    Review of Philosophy and Psychology
  • 2020
The construct “remembering” is equivocal between an epistemic sense, denoting a distinctive ground for knowledge, and empirical sense, denoting the typical behavior of a neurocognitive mechanism.

Episodic memory is not immune to error through misidentification: against Fernández

This paper reconstructs Fernández’ argument and shows that there is reason to reject the definition of observer memory and the view of memory content on which it relies, and turns out that observer memory does indeed imply that the IEM claim is false.

Continuities and Discontinuities Between Imagination and Memory: The View from Philosophy

Though imagination and memory have much in common, philosophers of memory have so far had little to say about imagination. This has recently begun to change, as research on episodic memory as a form

Memory without content? Radical enactivism and (post)causal theories of memory

Radical enactivism, an increasingly influential approach to cognition in general, has recently been applied to memory in particular, with Hutto and Peeters (in: Michaelian and Debus (eds) New

Perception and Memory: Beyond Representationalism and Relationalism

This thesis is a collection of five self-standing articles dealing with different issues relating to representationalism and relationalism in contemporary philosophy of perception and contemporary



The affective neuropsychology of confabulation and delusion

The history of the scientific understanding of the role of emotion in confabulation and delusion was obscured by academic polarisation between psychodynamic and neurocognitive traditions and was also often obfuscated by rigid distinctions between psychogenic and neurogenic explanations.

Delusion and confabulation: Overlapping or distinct distortions of reality?

This Special Issue brings together contributors from diverse fields to consider the relations between these two symptoms and shares common aims of clarifying theoretical conceptions and exploring boundaries so as to advance understanding of the cognitive neuropsychiatry of both delusion and confabulation.

Confabulation and Memory in Patients With Alzheimers Disease

Confabulation occurs in many brain diseases and concomitant with various cognitive disturbances. The purpose of the present study was to describe semantic features of confabulation and to investigate

Confabulations: a conceptual history.

  • G. Berríos
  • Psychology
    Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 1998
The history of the construction of the word and concept of confabulation and with earlier recognitions of the behaviours that serve as their referent is dealt with and a model based on historical data is put forward.

Confabulation, Memory Deficits, and Frontal Dysfunction

It is suggested that this configuration of deficits rather than any single factor accounts for G.S.S.'s tendency to confabulate.

Different Patterns of Confabulation

Abductive inference and delusional belief

A Bayesian account of abductive inference is offered and applied to the explanation of delusional belief and it is argued that in relation to many delusions one can clearly identify what the abnormal cognitive data are which prompted the delusion and what the neuropsychological impairment is which is responsible for the occurrence of these data.

‘Faultless’ ignorance: Strengths and limitations of epistemic definitions of confabulation


Abstract The Archival and Constructive views of memory offer contrasting characterizations of remembering and its relation to memory errors. I evaluate the descriptive adequacy of each by offering a

Psychiatric Classification and Diagnosis : Delusions and Confabulations.

Delusions and confabulations occurring in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, amnesic syndromes, and dementia, are defined on the basis of their surface features. In particular, they are