Cone-beam computed tomographic evaluation of the long-term effects of orthodontic retainers on marginal bone levels.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Fixed retainers are widely used after orthodontic treatment, sometimes for extended periods, despite insufficient knowledge of their possible long-term adverse effects on the periodontium. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether bonded orthodontic retainers have an adverse long-term effect on the marginal bone levels of the mandibular… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.06.029

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