Conductive Education - A Critical Appraisal

  title={Conductive Education - A Critical Appraisal},
  author={Arve Vorland Pedersen},
  journal={Advances in Physiotherapy},
  pages={75 - 82}
  • A. V. Pedersen
  • Published 1 January 2000
  • Education
  • Advances in Physiotherapy
Conductive education (CE) in the treatment of children with cerebral palsy (CP), it is claimed, promotes independent motor functioning as well as having a positive effect on the development of a number of other skills. Such claims have excited the media, parents and professionals alike to campaign for the introduction of CE into the healthcare system. An appraisal of the (few) available studies evaluating CE, however, failed to produce empirical support for such claims. Conductive education… 
Conductive Education in New York City : Parental Perceptions and Experiences
This research project sought to answer the following questions about Conductive Education (CE). Does CE positively impact the lives of children with motor disorders and their family members? Does the
Exploring the comparative responsiveness of a core set of outcome measures in a school-based conductive education programme.
To determine which measures from a core set were most responsive to physical, functional and psychosocial changes associated with a school-based CE programme, nine children with cerebral palsy in Kindergarten or Grade 1 were enrolled.
Effectiveness of Physiotherapy and Conductive Education Interventions in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Focused Review
The high-quality reviews found some evidence supporting strength training, constraint-induced movement therapy, or hippotherapy, and insufficient evidence on comprehensive physiotherapy and occupational therapy interventions, but most reviews drew no conclusions on the effectiveness of the reviewed interventions.
The results showed that conductive education had a significant effect on motor skills and its subscales such as speed of movement, general static coordination, dynamic manual coordination, and synchronous-asymmetrical voluntary movements in children with cerebral palsy.
The development and validation of a movement evaluation system for children with cerebral palsy
It is confirmed that clinical assessments can be objectively replicated, representing a major advance in the validation of physiotherapy interventions.
Physiotherapy management of children with cerebral palsy
The objective of this review was to summarize the proven effectiveness of the most commonly used physiotherapy intervention in the management of children with CP.
School placement and conductive education: the experiences of education administrators.
A placement at the National Institute of Conductive Education (NICE) in Birmingham for children with motor disorders is strongly preferred over mainstream or special schools by some parents, but it
Effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review
Moderate evidence of effectiveness was established for two intervention categories: effectiveness of upper extremity treatments on attained goals and active supination and of prehensile hand treatment and neurodevelopmental therapy twice a week on developmental status.
Efficacy of Short Term Physical Therapy on Fine Motor Activity in Cerebral Palsy Patients
A significant improvement was observed in children with cerebral palsy with respect to fine motor activities, and children may be able to use the affected limbs in a better way with proper training and therapy.
The evidence-base for conceptual approaches and additional therapies targeting lower limb function in children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review using the ICF as a framework.
Level II evidence was found for the effectiveness of therapeutic horse-riding on posture and for NDT and functional training on gross motor function and goal-oriented therapy andfunctional training were effective on the attainment of functional goals and participation.


Efficacy of programmes based on Conductive Education for young children with cerebral palsy
The results indicate that children involved in CE‐based programmes made similar progress to those involved in traditional programmes, and the expected maturational effect was detected.
Conductive education at the Petö Institute, Budapest.
It is concluded that a minority of carefully selected children with cerebral palsy and spina bifida are educated at the Petö Institute; the education is carried out with appropriate medical, surgical, and orthotic intervention; the children probably function better as a result of the intensive programme than do similar children in Britain in areas where therapy is scarce.
Conductive education: the case for further research
This paper presents the case for further research into Conductive Education arguing that the Department of Education report (Bairstow, Cochrane and Hur, 1993) by attempting to evaluate the practice
Implementing Conductive Education in Australia: a question of programme transplantation
Abstract This paper is concerned with issues arising from the transfer of educational programmes developed in one educational context to another, in some cases markedly different, educational
Evaluation of an Integrated Approach to the Management of Cerebral Palsy
The integrated Management of Cerebral Palsy (IMCP) project evaluated the effectiveness of a program of conductive education, which was said to involve training motorically disabled children in small,
The effectiveness of conductive education principles with profoundly retarded multiply handicapped children.
It was concluded that the teaching programmes based on Conductive Education principles were no more effective with profoundly retarded multiply handicapped children than more traditional, individual classroom teaching.
Skills for Independence for Children with Cerebral Palsy: a comparative longitudinal study
  • J. Hur
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • 1997
The results of two‐way ANOVA with one repeated measure on both teachers’ and parents’ responses indicate that there was no significant difference between the two groups in their skills for independence, but both groups performed significantly better as they were getting older.
Conductive education for motor disorders: new hope or false hope?
  • R. Beach
  • Psychology
    Archives of disease in childhood
  • 1988
Parents have a right to ask whether conductive education represents a major advance in treatment for children with motor disorders, and little scientific evaluation of the present treatment of motor disorders is not reasonable to dismiss it.
Conductive education--magic or myth?
  • A. P. Lonton, A. Russell
  • Education
    Zeitschrift fur Kinderchirurgie : organ der Deutschen, der Schweizerischen und der Osterreichischen Gesellschaft fur Kinderchirurgie = Surgery in infancy and childhood
  • 1989
Although many improvements seem to be indicated, rigorous scientific methods were not used, and the verdict on CE must remain open.
Conductive education
Conductive Education for Adults: During the class, the Conductor first demonstrates the sequence, which is then followed by the group. The Conductor delivers each task with a rhythmical intention.