Conduction pathways in microtubules, biological quantum computation, and consciousness.

@article{Hameroff2002ConductionPI,
  title={Conduction pathways in microtubules, biological quantum computation, and consciousness.},
  author={S. Hameroff and A. Nip and Mitchell Porter and J. Tuszynski},
  journal={Bio Systems},
  year={2002},
  volume={64 1-3},
  pages={
          149-68
        }
}
Technological computation is entering the quantum realm, focusing attention on biomolecular information processing systems such as proteins, as presaged by the work of Michael Conrad. Protein conformational dynamics and pharmacological evidence suggest that protein conformational states-fundamental information units ('bits') in biological systems-are governed by quantum events, and are thus perhaps akin to quantum bits ('qubits') as utilized in quantum computation. 'Real time' dynamic… Expand
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