Conduct Disorder in Girls: A Review of the Literature

@article{Keenan1999ConductDI,
  title={Conduct Disorder in Girls: A Review of the Literature},
  author={Kate E Keenan and Rolf Loeber and Stephanie M. Green},
  journal={Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review},
  year={1999},
  volume={2},
  pages={3-19}
}
The study of Conduct Disorder (CD) has primarily been limited to boys. The lack of research resulted from a premise that CD in girls was rare. However, CD in girls is a relatively common psychiatric diagnosis, and appears to be associated with several serious outcomes, such as Antisocial Personality Disorder and early pregnancy. Understanding gender differences in the course and severity of CD may lead to important information about etiology. Empirical studies on precursors, developmental… Expand
Diagnostic Threshold for Conduct Disorder in Girls and Boys
TLDR
The current results support the possibility that differential rates of CD reflect actual differences in rates of antisocial behavior across gender, and from a family genetic perspective, the diagnostic threshold for CD does not appear to differ by gender. Expand
Gender differences in comorbidity of conduct disorder among adolescents in Northern Finland
TLDR
Girls with CD seem to have an increased tendency to develop both comorbid psychiatric and somatic conditions as well as suicidality, which is similar to boys with CD. Expand
Variants of Girls and Boys with Conduct Disorder: Anxiety Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits
TLDR
The results extend previously published findings on variants among aggressive and antisocial adolescents to male and female adolescents diagnosed with CD and indicated distinct profiles of personality development for all three variants. Expand
Conduct disorder in adolescent females: current state of research and study design of the FemNAT-CD consortium
TLDR
An overview of the study design of the FemNAT-CD consortium is provided, an interdisciplinary, multi-level and multi-site study that explicitly focuses on CD in females, but which is also investigating sex differences in the causes, developmental course, and neurobiological correlates of CD. Expand
The relationship between DSM-IV oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: findings from the Great Smoky Mountains Study.
TLDR
Cross-sectional analyses indicated that CD and ODD largely shared similar correlates, although some aspects of parenting appeared more related to CD than ODD, and there was a suggestion that ODD was a stronger risk factor for CD than for other common disorders. Expand
The Impact of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on Preadolescent Adjustment May Be Greater for Girls Than for Boys
  • I. Elkins, Stephen H Malone, M. Keyes, W. Iacono, M. McGue
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2011
TLDR
Inattentive girls were less popular and more likely to be bullied than girls without ADHD, whereas inattentives boys were not, and social isolation experienced by many girls with ADHD deserves greater attention. Expand
Psychiatric comorbidity more common among adolescent females with CD/ODD than among males
TLDR
Family adversities, comorbid major depression, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders as well as suicidality were more common, while reading disorder was less common among girls compared with boys, and no gender differences were found in the number of CD symptoms or aggressive symptoms. Expand
Conduct disorder in referred children and adolescents: clinical and therapeutic issues.
TLDR
Age at onset and sex may be critical variables for prognosis of CD, and psychosocial intervention can significantly improve the treatment response. Expand
Mean girls and bad boys: Recent research on gender differences in conduct disorder
Abstract Research on conduct disorder has historically used primarily male samples. More recently, researchers have made an effort to include female participants. This article examines researchExpand
Role of gender in the presentation and course of antisocial behavior for alcohol and drug-disordered youth
Adolescent delinquency is costly at both the individual- level and the societal-level. Many conduct-disordered (CD) adolescents meet criteria for antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in adulthood,Expand
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