OBJECTIVE The information-motivation-behavioral skills model was used to investigate which factors were associated with condom accessibility among undergraduate college aged adults. Our aim was to also examine moderating effects of erotophobia/erotophilia and alcohol use, as these have been related to sexual risk and prevention behaviors among young adults. METHOD Participants completed survey questionnaires on personal computers. RESULTS Support was found for the paths of the information-motivation-behavioral skills model. Alcohol use moderated the mediating effect of behavioral skills between motivation and condom accessibility, and erotophobia/erotophilia moderated the effect of motivation and behavioral skills on condom accessibility. Higher alcohol use was associated with a lower likelihood of having condoms accessible, and individuals with higher levels of erotophobia had weaker paths between motivation and behavioral skills than those with lower levels. DISCUSSION Discussion centers on the role of individual differences on protective behaviors that require planning and how intervention efforts can be tailored to promote these changes.