Conditioned Alarm Behavior in Fathead Minnows (Pimephales promelas) Resulting from Association of Chemical Alarm Pheromone with a Nonbiological Visual Stimulus

Abstract

Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) adopt antipredator (alarm) behavior when they detect alarm pheromone released from an injured conspecific. This is an adaptive response since alarm pheromone is generally released only in the context of a predation event. Alarm reactions may also occur in response to chemical and visual stimuli that minnows learn to… (More)
DOI: 10.1023/A:1020843322518

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