Conditional reasoning by mental models: chronometric and developmental evidence

  title={Conditional reasoning by mental models: chronometric and developmental evidence},
  author={Pierre Barrouillet and Nelly Grosset and Jean-François Lecas},
The aim of this article is to verify two predictions resulting from the mental models theory of conditional reasoning. First, the denial of antecedent (DA) and modus tollens (MT) inferences should take longer to verify than modus ponens (MP) and affirmation of consequent (AC) because the former require subjects to flesh out the initial model whereas the latter do not. This prediction was confirmed in two reaction time experiments in adults. In line with Evans' proposal (Evans, J. St. B. T… CONTINUE READING
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