Conditional lekking in ruff (Philomachus pugnax)

  title={Conditional lekking in ruff (Philomachus pugnax)},
  author={D. Lank and C. Smith},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  • D. Lank, C. Smith
  • Published 2004
  • Biology
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • SummaryIn our study of ruff, a lekking shorebird, we found that the “lek ratio” — the proportion of the total population of males occurring on leks was low, averaging 12% over the breeding season (Fig. 1D). Off-lek males spent approximately the same proportion of time as lek males in displaying to females (Fig. 4). We defined three spacing tacties that male ruffs use to position themselves to court females: “Following” — directly pursuing females, and two types of lekking behavior… CONTINUE READING
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