Condensation reactions of phenolic resins V: cure-acceleration effects of propylene carbonate

@article{Kamo2003CondensationRO,
  title={Condensation reactions of phenolic resins V: cure-acceleration effects of propylene carbonate},
  author={Naruyuki Kamo and Hiroyuki Okamura and Mitsuo Higuchi and Mitsuhiro Morita},
  journal={Journal of Wood Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={50},
  pages={236-241}
}
Propylene carbonate (PC) is known as one of the cure accelerators for alkaline phenol–formaldehyde resins. To elucidate the cure-acceleration mechanisms, the effects of PC on the condensation reactions of monomeric hydroxymethylphenols (HMPs) were investigated and compared with those of PC hydrolysate, sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and ethyl formate. Immediately after the reaction started, PC, decomposing itself simultaneously, accelerated the formation of the ortho-para methylene-bonded dimer of… CONTINUE READING
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