Concussion in Professional Football: Players Returning to the Same Game—Part 7

@article{Pellman2005ConcussionIP,
  title={Concussion in Professional Football: Players Returning to the Same Game—Part 7},
  author={Elliot J. Pellman and David C. Viano and Ira R. Casson and Cynthia L. Arfken and Henry Feuer},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={2005},
  volume={56},
  pages={79-92}
}
OBJECTIVE:A 6-year study was conducted to determine the signs, symptoms, and outcome of players who were concussed and either returned immediately or were rested and returned to the same game in the National Football League (NFL). METHODS:From 1996 to 2001, concussions were recorded by NFL teams by use of a special standardized reporting form filled out by team physicians. Signs and symptoms were grouped by general symptoms, somatic complaints, cranial nerve effects, cognition problems, memory… 

Tables from this paper

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The most recent 6 years of NFL concussion data show a remarkable similarity to the earlier period, however, there was a significant decrease in the percentage of players returning to the same game, and players were held out of play longer.

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In the more recent 6-year period, more players were managed conservatively by being held out 7+ days, even though the signs and symptoms of their concussions were similar to those in the earlier period.

Return to play management after concussion in football: recommendations for team physicians

In football, the management of concussion should primarily follow the recommendations proposed by the Concussion in Sports Group, and future studies on concussion should include validated and detailed information on RTP protocols.

Repeat Concussions in the National Football League

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Concussions in the National Football League

The study of concussions in the NFL has been limited by lack of recent empirical data, reliance on self-reported concussion history, and ascertainment bias of brains donated for autopsy studies.

Sideline Management of Sport-related Concussions

The ongoing risk-benefit analysis of return-to-play must currently be based on experience, corollary data from traumatic brain injuries in animals and humans, and limited prospective data with sports-related concussions.

Return to play after sports concussion in elite and non-elite athletes?

The non-elite athlete may not have the same resources available as the elite athlete and as a result will generally be managed more conservatively, and be managed with less expertise and with limited resources.

CONCUSSION IN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL: ANIMAL MODEL OF BRAIN INJURY—PART 15

A concussion model was developed to simulate the high velocity of impact and rapid head ΔV of concussions in National Football League players and can be used to evaluate immediate and latent effects of concussion and more severe injury with greater impact mass.

Tracking neuropsychological recovery following concussion in sport

The serial use of computerized neuropsychological screening with ImPACT to monitor recovery in a clinical case series of injured athletes is illustrated to illustrate the importance of analysing individual athletes’ test data because group analyses can obscure slow Recovery in a substantial minority of athletes.

DO MINOR HEAD IMPACTS IN SOCCER CAUSE CONCUSSIVE INJURY? A PROSPECTIVE CASE‐CONTROL STUDY

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