Conciliarism and the American Founding

  title={Conciliarism and the American Founding},
  author={Michael D. Breidenbach},
  journal={The William and Mary Quarterly},
  pages={467 - 500}
Conventional understandings of Catholicism, especially the claim that the pope held temporal power over all civil rulers, presented a signal challenge to early American Catholics’ civil and religious liberty. Yet reform-minded Catholics in the North Atlantic world asserted their independence from the temporal powers of external authorities, including the pope. Catholics who participated in the American founding, such as Charles Carroll of Carrollton and John Carroll, drew from an intellectual… 
9 Citations
“This very important & almost unbounded trust”: The Commission to Canada and the Place of Catholics in Revolutionary America
Abstract:Historians rightly point to the American Revolution as a watershed for the expansion of religious liberty, especially for Catholics. On its face, the policy the Continental Congress adopted
Jews and the Sources of Religious Freedom in Early Pennsylvania
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Department History Document Type Dissertation Abstract Historians’ traditional narrative regarding religious freedom in the colonial period and early republic
Neither Cisalpine nor Ultramontane: John Carroll's Ambivalent Relationship with English Catholicism, 1780-1800
Abstract:Enlightenment-influenced English Catholic priests and laymen, members of the "Cisalpine" network, had a significant impact on Archbishop John Carroll (1735-1815), first bishop of Baltimore,
The Two Separations
There is nothing self-evidently attractive about separation — whether of church and state or anything else — as a model for individual or collective life. Pursuing separation is not like pursuing


American Catholics and the First Amendment: 1776-1840
THE CELEBRATION OF the bicentennial of the Constitution, and more specifically in 1989, of the Bill of Rights, demands that Americans reexamine the fundamental values they ac knowledge in that
The English Catholic Community, 1688-1745: Politics, Culture and Ideology
The half-century following the Glorious Revolution has been viewed as a time of retreat and withdrawal for English Catholics: the response to tightening penal laws, periods in exile and the failures
The Faithful: A History of Catholics in America
Shaken by the ongoing clergy sexual abuse scandal, and challenged from within by social and theological division, Catholics in America are at a crossroads. But is today's situation unique? And where
Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism
The legal changes that brought religious liberty to the United States have been thoroughly documented. But no one has explained how 18th-century Americans managed to accommodate the religious
Jesuit political thought
The Society of Jesus has always been a highly “political” religious order. The context for its political thought was its engagement with higher-level education, its antiheretical, pastoral, and
Ecclesiastical Democracy Detected: I (1779–1787)
“The history of opinions is as instructive and amusing as the history of battles”, observed Sir John Throckmorton in 1792; and few periods of Catholic thought in England present a more warlike aspect
American Cicero: The Life of Charles Carroll
Aristocrat. Catholic. Patriot. Founder. Before his death in 1832, Charles Carroll of Carrollton - the last living signer of the Declaration of Independence - was widely regarded as one of the most
Interpreting the Founding: Guide to the Enduring Debates over the Origins And Foundations of the American Republic
As politicians and judges argue over the original intent of our country's founding fathers, the American Founding itself continues to inspire a prodigious amount of research and commentary,
A Companion to the Catholic Enlightenment in Europe
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)Brill's commitment to publishing a series of reference books and handbooks on the intellectual and religious life of Europe is to be praised, and