Conceptualizing and understanding the Gülen movement

  title={Conceptualizing and understanding the G{\"u}len movement},
  author={S. Fitzgerald},
  journal={Sociology Compass},
The Gulen movement (GM) is a controversial international Islamic movement originating in Turkey. Interestingly, the movement seems to be “in between” the standard conceptual categories used by social movement scholars: The GMs' focus on individual transformation and religious practices suggests that it is a religious movement; its extensive outreach into various institutions (i.e., education, health care, and media) suggests a social movement seeking legitimacy and broad social change; its… Expand
From honourable to villainous: political competition and sectarianisation in Turkey
ABSTRACT This contribution examines how political considerations influence the creation of religious discourses and interpretations among rival religious actors. It analyses how the religio-politicalExpand
Contemporary Islamic Orientations and Transnational Muslim Organisations in the West
This chapter presents an overview of the major contemporary social and discursive orientations among Western Muslims and major transnational Muslim organisations operating in the West. This chapterExpand
Diyanet as a Turkish Foreign Policy Tool: Evidence from the Netherlands and Bulgaria
Abstract How does Turkey's Presidency of Religious Affairs (Diyanet) act as an instrument of foreign policy (FP)? What are the factors that allow such an instrumentalization of Islam in Turkish FP?Expand
Descent into Severe Polarization
On multiple different measures of polarization, Turkey today is one of the most polarized nations in the world.1 Deep ideological and policybased disagreements divide its political leaders andExpand


Perspectives on the Gülen Movement
The world is changing—for better or worse depends on one’s social, political and economic perspective. This change is variously amplified within Islamic and Muslim societies, which are seemingly inExpand
Approaching a Sociology of Fethullah Gülen
Fethullah Gulen is Turkey’s most famous, influential, and controversial faith-based communitarian leader. Collectively known as “the Gulen movement” (GM), individuals inspired by Gulen’s charismaticExpand
What is the Hizmet Movement? Contending Approaches to the Analysis of Religious Activists In World Politics
The goal of this article is to understand the role of religious activists in world politics from an international relations (IR) perspective. The paper proposes a critical theory of religion andExpand
Transforming everyday life: Islamism and social movement theory
The Islamist movement in Turkey bases its mobilization strategy on transforming everyday practices. Public challenges against the state do not form a central part of its repertoire. New SocialExpand
“Thou Shall not Protest!”: Multi-Institutional Politics, Strategic Nonconfrontation and Islamic Mobilizations in Turkey
This paper examines the divergent reactions of the two most prominent Turkish-Islamic movements to a crisis in the Parliament that centered on an elected Deputy's right to wear the headscarf. AfterExpand
The Gülen Movement: A Sociological Analysis of a Civic Movement Rooted in Moderate Islam
Islam and the State Throughout Turkish History.- Fethullah Gulen: His Life, Beliefs and the Movement That He Inspires.- Social Organization in the Movement: The Network of Local Circles.- TheExpand
Abortion Politics, Mass Media, and Social Movements in America
All press is good press, or so the adage and the balance of scholarship concerning social movements and media go. It is into this understanding of the socio-political world that Deanna A. RohlingerExpand
Cooperative Collective Action: Framing Faith-Based Community Development
Drawing from social movement and organization theories, data from an in-depth comparative analysis of three faith-based community development organizations (FBCDOs) in the United States are examinedExpand
This article examines the tactical repertoires of two diaspora-based Chinese protest movements; the Chinese democracy movement and the Falun Gong, a religious community that has been banned in ChinaExpand
Frame alignment processes, micromobilization, and movement participation.
This paper attempts to further theoretical and empirical understanding of adherent and constituent mobilization by proposing and analyzing frame alignment as a conceptual bridge linking socialExpand