Conceptualizing and testing random indirect effects and moderated mediation in multilevel models: new procedures and recommendations.

  title={Conceptualizing and testing random indirect effects and moderated mediation in multilevel models: new procedures and recommendations.},
  author={D. Bauer and K. Preacher and K. Gil},
  journal={Psychological methods},
  volume={11 2},
  • D. Bauer, K. Preacher, K. Gil
  • Published 2006
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological methods
  • The authors propose new procedures for evaluating direct, indirect, and total effects in multilevel models when all relevant variables are measured at Level 1 and all effects are random. Formulas are provided for the mean and variance of the indirect and total effects and for the sampling variances of the average indirect and total effects. Simulations show that the estimates are unbiased under most conditions. Confidence intervals based on a normal approximation or a simulated sampling… CONTINUE READING
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