Conceptual penetration of visual processing.

  title={Conceptual penetration of visual processing.},
  author={Gary Lupyan and Sharon L. Thompson-Schill and Daniel Swingley},
  journal={Psychological science},
  volume={21 5},
In traditional hierarchical models of information processing, visual representations feed into conceptual systems, but conceptual categories do not exert an influence on visual processing. We provide evidence, across four experiments, that conceptual information can in fact penetrate early visual processing, rather than merely biasing the output of perceptual systems. Participants performed physical-identity judgments on visually equidistant pairs of letter stimuli that were either in the same… CONTINUE READING

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