Concepts of work in autonomous quantum heat engines

@article{Niedenzu2019ConceptsOW,
  title={Concepts of work in autonomous quantum heat engines},
  author={Wolfgang Niedenzu and Marcus Huber and Erez Boukobza},
  journal={Quantum},
  year={2019}
}
One of the fundamental questions in quantum thermodynamics concerns the decomposition of energetic changes into heat and work. Contrary to classical engines, the entropy change of the piston cannot be neglected in the quantum domain. As a consequence, different concepts of work arise, depending on the desired task and the implied capabilities of the agent using the work generated by the engine. Each work quantifier---from ergotropy to non-equilibrium free energy---has well defined operational… 

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