- Published 2004

We present exact algorithms for the NP-complete Longest Common Subsequence problem for sequences with nested arc annotations, a problem occurring in structure comparison of RNA. Given two sequences of length at most n and nested arc structure, one of our algorithms determines (if existent) in O(3.31k1+k2 · n) time an arc-preserving subsequence of both sequences, which can be obtained by deleting (together with corresponding arcs) k1 letters from the first and k2 letters from the second sequence. A second algorithm shows that (in case of a four letter alphabet) we can find a length l arc-annotated subsequence in O(12l · l · n) time. This means that the problem is fixed-parameter tractable when parameterized by the number of deletions as well as when parameterized by the subsequence length. Our findings complement known approximation results which give a quadratic time factor-2-approximation for the general and polynomial time approximation schemes for restricted versions of the problem. In addition, we obtain further fixed-parameter tractability results for these restricted versions.

@inproceedings{Alber2004ComputingTS,
title={Computing the Similarity of Two Sequences with Nested Arc Annotations 1},
author={Jochen Alber and Jens Gramm and Jiong Guo and Rolf Niedermeier},
year={2004}
}