Computing the Margin of Victory in IRV Elections

@inproceedings{Magrino2011ComputingTM,
  title={Computing the Margin of Victory in IRV Elections},
  author={Thomas R. Magrino and Ronald L. Rivest and Emily Shen},
  booktitle={EVT/WOTE},
  year={2011}
}
Efficient post-election audits select the number of machines or precincts to audit based in part on the margin of victory (the number of ballots that must be changed in order to change the outcome); a close election needs more auditing than a landslide victory. For a simple “first-pastthe-post” election, the margin is easily computed based on the number of votes the first and second place candidates received. However, for instant runoff voting (IRV) elections, it is not immediately obvious how… CONTINUE READING
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