Computer science as empirical inquiry: symbols and search

@article{Newell1976ComputerSA,
  title={Computer science as empirical inquiry: symbols and search},
  author={A. Newell and H. Simon},
  journal={Commun. ACM},
  year={1976},
  volume={19},
  pages={113-126}
}
Computer science is the study of the phenomena surrounding computers. The founders of this society understood this very well when they called themselves the Association for Computing Machinery. The machine—not just the hardware, but the programmed, living machine—is the organism we study. 
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