Computer-Synthesized Speech and Perceptions of the Social Influence of Disabled Users

@article{Stern2008ComputerSynthesizedSA,
  title={Computer-Synthesized Speech and Perceptions of the Social Influence of Disabled Users},
  author={Steven E. Stern},
  journal={Journal of Language and Social Psychology},
  year={2008},
  volume={27},
  pages={254 - 265}
}
  • Steven E. Stern
  • Published 2008
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Language and Social Psychology
Computer-synthesized speech is frequently used as an assistive technology for people with speech disabilities including those with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In this short article, the conditions that lead to speech loss and how people perceive computer-synthesized speech, particularly when it is used by the speaking disabled, are discussed. Specific attention is paid to the author's own program of research that has examined how perceptions of trustworthiness are moderated by the use… Expand

Figures from this paper

A Child’s Voice
Children with impaired speech using speech-generating devices to communicate are today forced to use the voice of a grown up for automatic synthetic speech. Research indicates this may be unfortunateExpand
Use of speech generating devices can improve perception of qualifications for skilled, verbal, and interactive jobs.
TLDR
Actors were rated more favorably when using SGD than their own voices and this preference for SGDs over mildly dysarthric voice was also found for jobs entailing computer-mediated-communication, particularly skillful jobs. Expand
Comprehension of synthetic speech and digitized natural speech by adults with aphasia.
TLDR
Many individuals with aphasia can comprehend synthetic speech options available on popular operating systems, and ranking and Likert-scale rating data revealed a preference for digitized natural speech and David synthetic speech over Alex synthetic speech. Expand
Building Personalized Synthetic Voices for Individuals with Dysarthria using the HTS Toolkit
For an individual with a speech impairment, it can be necessary for them to use a device to produce synthesized speech to assist their communication. To fully support all functions of human speechExpand
Speech synthesis technologies for individuals with vocal disabilities: Voice banking and reconstruction
TLDR
The clinical applications of speech synthesis technologies are overviewed and a few selected researches are explained and the University of Edinburgh’s new project ‘‘Voice Banking and reconstruction’’ for patients with degenerative diseases, such as motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease are introduced. Expand
The Effects of Synthesized Voice Accents on User Perceptions of Robots
TLDR
Investigating people’s perceptions of three synthesized voice accents suggests that the employment of a less robotic voice with a local accent may positively affect user perceptions of robots. Expand
Reconsidering the Voice Prinicple with Non-native Language Speakers
TLDR
The results show that non-native speakers prefer human voice with less prosodic elements, and factors behind voice are more complicated than just categorizing it as either human or computer. Expand
Diphthong Synthesis using the Three-Dimensional Dynamic Digital Waveguide Mesh
TLDR
A three-dimensional digital waveguide model of the vocal tract, based on magnetic resonance imaging data, is proposed here in order to address issues associated with synthetic speech, and represents a significant step towards improved synthetic speech for use across society. Expand
The effect of a technology enhanced storytelling activity on kindergartners' emotion recognition
Schools nowadays are placing a growing emphasis in their curricula on the social-emotional development of kindergartners. A storytelling table as an interactive storytelling activity could be used toExpand
Increasing Persona Effects: Does It Matter the Voice and Appearance of Animated Pedagogical Agent
The animated pedagogical agent has been implemented to promote learning outcomes and motivation in multimedia learning. It has been claimed that one of the advantages of using pedagogical agent isExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES
Computer Mediated Speech Technology: Perceptions of Synthetic Speech and Attitudes Toward Disabled Users
A frequently overlooked form of CMC is computer synthesized speech (CSS). Although the first CSS systems were rather crude and unintelligible, newer systems are fairly intelligible and are widelyExpand
Effects of perceived disability on persuasiveness of computer-synthesized speech.
TLDR
Natural speech was perceived more favorably and was more persuasive than computer-synthesized speech when the speaker was perceived to be speech-disabled, however, this difference diminished. Expand
Synthetic Speech Perception in Individuals With and Without Disabilities
  • R. Koul
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Augmentative and alternative communication
  • 2003
TLDR
This paper comprises a summary of research conducted over the past 20 years on the perception of synthetic speech by nondisabled listeners and listeners with intellectual, language, and hearing impairments. Expand
Positive Prejudice Toward Disabled Persons Using Synthesized Speech
In general, speech-disabled users of synthetic speech are viewed favorably compared to nondisabled users. The authors examined whether situational variables can affect this favorable view.Expand
Social perception of male and female computer synthesized speech
The present study addressed the issue of whether social perception of human speech and computerized text-to-speech (TTS) is affected by gender of voice and gender of listener. Listeners wereExpand
Telephone Communication: Synthetic and Dysarthric Speech Intelligibility and Listener Preferences
For many individuals with severe speech intelligibility challenges, deciding whether to use one's own oral dysarthric speech or synthesized speech when communicating on the telephone is a difficultExpand
The Persuasiveness of Synthetic Speech versus Human Speech
TLDR
There was, however, no evidence that computerized speech, as compared with the human voice, affected persuasion or perceptions of the message. Expand
Segmental intelligibility of synthetic speech produced by rule.
TLDR
An investigation that employed the modified rhyme test (MRT) to measure the segmental intelligibility of synthetic speech generated automatically by rule demonstrates important differences in perception and suggests that not all synthetic speech is perceptually equivalent to the listener. Expand
Effects of age and divided attention on listeners' comprehension of synthesized speech
Research has demonstrated that synthesized speech can be adequately understood under ideal conditions, although listeners' comprehension of synthesized speech has received less attention than hasExpand
Measuring the naturalness of synthetic speech
TLDR
This paper proposes a new methodology for measuring the naturalness of particular aspects of synthesized speech, independent of the intelligibility of the speech, and demonstrates that perception of naturalness is affected by information contained within the smallest part of speech, the glottal pulse, and within the prosodic structure of a syllable. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...