Computational Reproducibility in Archaeological Research: Basic Principles and a Case Study of Their Implementation

@article{Marwick2017ComputationalRI,
  title={Computational Reproducibility in Archaeological Research: Basic Principles and a Case Study of Their Implementation},
  author={Ben Marwick},
  journal={Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory},
  year={2017},
  volume={24},
  pages={424-450}
}
  • B. Marwick
  • Published 24 April 2017
  • Computer Science
  • Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory
The use of computers and complex software is pervasive in archaeology, yet their role in the analytical pipeline is rarely exposed for other researchers to inspect or reuse. This limits the progress of archaeology because researchers cannot easily reproduce each other’s work to verify or extend it. Four general principles of reproducible research that have emerged in other fields are presented. An archaeological case study is described that shows how each principle can be implemented using… 
Re-discovering Archaeological Discoveries. Experiments with reproducing archaeological survey analysis
This article describes an attempt to reproduce the published analysis from three archaeological field-walking surveys by using datasets collected between 1990 and 2005 which are publicly available in
A Standard for the Scholarly Citation of Archaeological Data as an Incentive to Data Sharing – ADDENDUM
TLDR
It is found that archaeologists are often willing to share but that discipline-wide sharing is patchy and ad hoc, and some suggestions for improving the state of date sharing are presented, among these is a standard for citing datasets to ensure that researchers making their data publicly available receive appropriate credit.
Reproducibility in the Field: Transparency, Version Control and Collaboration on the Project Panormos Survey
Abstract Archaeological fieldwork is rarely considered reproducible in the sense of the ideal scientific method because of its destructive nature. But new digital technology now offers field
Tool-Driven Revolutions in Archaeological Science
TLDR
How computational approaches to improving reproducibility and transparency in archaeology are mediated and transformed by the use of R code is discussed.
Preparing Archaeological Data for Spatial Analysis
  • N. Gupta
  • Sociology
    Archaeological Spatial Analysis
  • 2020
Preparation of archaeological data for spatial analysis and the documentation of these procedures is now seen as key for effective management, analysis, interpretation and potential re-use of digital
Sowing the Seeds of Future Research: Data Sharing, Citation and Reuse in Archaeobotany
The practices of data sharing, data citation and data reuse are all crucial aspects of the reproducibility of archaeological research. This article builds on the small number of studies reviewing
Sociotechnical Obstacles to Archaeological Data Reuse
TLDR
The difficulties that surround data reuse in large-scale regional research are explored, including the cost and coordination necessary to extract useful data from digitized PDF reports, and the amount of correction and enhancement matches the effort needed to undertake a small field survey project.
Archaeological Analysis in the Information Age: Guidelines for Maximizing the Reach, Comprehensiveness, and Longevity of Data
TLDR
This article seeks to guide archaeologists in data sharing by highlighting recurring challenges in reusing archived data gleaned from observations on workflows and reanalysis efforts involving datasets published over the past 15 years by Open Context.
The apparatus of digital archaeology
TLDR
Cognitive artefacts are introduced as a means of addressing the apparatus more directly within the context of the developing archaeological digital ecosystem and a critical appreciation of the authors' computational cognitive artefacts is argued to be key to understanding their effects on both their own cognition and on the creation of archaeological knowledge.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 167 REFERENCES
How community archaeology can make use of open data to achieve further its objectives
Abstract This review paper begins with a discussion of the extent to which the expansion of the web has caused fundamental changes in the ways that communities are engaging with participatory events
Archaeology 2.0: New Approaches to Communication and Collaboration
How is the Web transforming the professional practice of archaeology? And as archaeologists accustomed to dealing with “deep time,” how can we best understand the possibilities and limitations of the
The Promise and Challenge of Archaeological Data Integration
TLDR
An assessment of the informatics needs of archaeology is provided, an ambitious vision for a distributed disciplinary information infrastructure (cyberinfrastructure) is articulated, the challenges posed by its development are discussed, and initial steps toward its realization are outlined.
Preservation and re-use of digital data: the role of the Archaeology Data Service
Archaeologists have always been good at creating huge quantities of data, but not so good at arranging to preserve them in ordered, accessible and public archives, or at re-using other peoples’ data
Grand challenges for archaeology
Abstract This article represents a systematic effort to answer the question, What are archaeology’s most important scientific challenges? Starting with a crowd-sourced query directed broadly to the
Openness and archaeology's information ecosystem
Abstract The rise of the World Wide Web represents one of the most significant transitions in communications since the printing press or even since the origins of writing. To Open Access and Open
Data Sharing Reveals Complexity in the Westward Spread of Domestic Animals across Neolithic Turkey
This study presents the results of a major data integration project bringing together primary archaeozoological data for over 200,000 faunal specimens excavated from seventeen sites in Turkey
The archaeology, chronology and stratigraphy of Madjedbebe (Malakunanja II): A site in northern Australia with early occupation.
...
...