Compromised Survivorship in Zoo Elephants

@article{Clubb2008CompromisedSI,
  title={Compromised Survivorship in Zoo Elephants},
  author={Ros Clubb and Marcus J. Rowcliffe and Phyllis C. Lee and Khyne U. Mar and Cynthia J. Moss and Georgia J. Mason},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={322},
  pages={1649 - 1649}
}
We analyzed data from over 4500 elephants to show that animals in European zoos have about half the median life span of conspecifics in protected populations in range countries. This discrepancy is clearest in Asian elephants; unlike African elephants in zoos, this species' infant mortality is very high (for example, twice that seen in Burmese timber camps), and its adult survivorship in zoos has not improved significantly in recent years. One risk factor for Asian zoo elephants is being moved… 

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