Comprehensive evaluation of three-dimensional philtral morphology.

@article{Kishi2011ComprehensiveEO,
  title={Comprehensive evaluation of three-dimensional philtral morphology.},
  author={Naoko Kishi and Susumu Tanaka and seiji Iida and Mikihiko Kogo},
  journal={The Journal of craniofacial surgery},
  year={2011},
  volume={22 5},
  pages={1606-11}
}
This study was designed to evaluate detailed philtral morphology involving sex and racial differences and to clarify the objective parameters related to subjective judgments regarding the clarity of the philtrum. Fifty-five Japanese and 20 Mexican normal subjects aged 24 to 40 years were recruited, and three-dimensional facial data were acquired using a noncontacting optical surface scanner. The visual classification of the philtral column morphology in Japanese adults using facial photographs… CONTINUE READING
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