Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)

@article{Viranyi2007ComprehensionOH,
  title={Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)},
  author={Zsofia Viranyi and M{\'a}rta G{\'a}csi and Enikő Kubinyi and József Topál and Beatrix Bel{\'e}nyi and Dorottya J{\'u}lia Ujfalussy and {\'A}d{\'a}m Mikl{\'o}si},
  journal={Animal Cognition},
  year={2007},
  volume={11},
  pages={373-387}
}
Dogs have a remarkable skill to use human-given cues in object-choice tasks, but little is known to what extent their closest wild-living relative, the wolf can achieve this performance. In Study 1, we compared wolf and dog pups hand-reared individually and pet dogs of the same age in their readiness to form eye-contact with a human experimenter in an object-choice task and to follow her pointing gesture. The results showed that dogs already at 4 months of age use momentary distal pointing to… 
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TLDR
Chimpanzees' and dogs' skills in using a communicative gesture directed at a visible object out of reach of the human but within Reach of the subject are compared and implications for great apes' anddogs' understanding of human communicative intentions are discussed.
Domesticated Dogs’ (Canis familiaris) Response to Dishonest Human Points
TLDR
The role of pointing in dogs’ choice behavior and whether dogs, like human children, have difficulty interpreting the gesture novelly are explored and results indicated dogs learned to inhibit their approach to a deceptive static point when the reward was visible during choice.
Free-Ranging Dogs Are Capable of Utilizing Complex Human Pointing Cues
TLDR
For the first time, adult free-ranging dogs are tested to understand their ability to follow relatively complex human referential gestures using dynamic and momentary distal pointing cues and it is found that free- ranging dogs follow distal cues more accurately compared to proximal cue.
Free-ranging dogs are capable of comprehending complex human pointing cues
TLDR
It is found that free-ranging dogs are capable of apprehending distal pointing cues from humans, however, approximately half of the population tested showed a lack of tendency to participate even after successful familiarization with the experimental set-up.
Assessing cats’ (Felis catus) sensitivity to human pointing gestures
TLDR
The results of this study highlight a domestic species, socialised in a group setting, to possess heterospecific communication skills, however the results have to consider parsimonious explanations, such as local and stimulus enhancement.
Dogs (Canis familiaris) account for body orientation but not visual barriers when responding to pointing gestures.
TLDR
It is concluded that while dogs are skilled both at following human gestures, and exploiting information about others' visual perspectives, they may not integrate these skills in the manner characteristic of human children.
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