Composite grafting with pulp adipofascial advancement flaps for treating non-replantable fingertip amputations.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Non-replantable fingertip amputation is still a clinical challenge. We performed modified composite grafting with pulp adipofascial advancement flap for Hirase IIA fingertip amputations. Results from a series of patients are presented and achieved better outcome than traditional composite grafting. PATIENTS AND METHODS From September 2012 to April 2014, fourteen patients with sixteen digits were included in our study. Mean age of patients was 43.9 years (20-71 years). All of our patients underwent this procedure under digital block anesthesia. We performed pulp adipofascial advancement flap for better soft tissue coverage of bone exposure stump first. The amputated parts were defatted, trimming, and reattached as composite graft. Age and gender of patients, injured finger, Hirase classification, mechanism of trauma, overall graft survival area, two-point discrimination (2PD) (mm) at six-month, length of shortening of digit, The average disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score and subjective self-evaluation questionnaire at 6 month were recorded. RESULTS Average graft survival area was 89% (75-100%). Average length of shortening was 2.2 mm (1.8-3.5 mm). 2PD at six-month after surgery was 6.3 mm in average (5-8 mm). Average DASH score at 6 month was 1.45 (0.83-2.5). The self-evaluated aesthetic results showed twelve patients (85.7%) were very satisfied, and no patient was completely unsatisfied. CONCLUSIONS In Hirase zone IIA traumatic fingertip amputation where replantation is difficult, our modified technique of composite grafting with pulp adipofascial advancement flap provided an alternative choice with high successful rate, acceptable functional and aesthetic outcomes. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 36:651-657, 2016.

DOI: 10.1002/micr.30051

Cite this paper

@article{Lai2016CompositeGW, title={Composite grafting with pulp adipofascial advancement flaps for treating non-replantable fingertip amputations.}, author={Hsin-Ti Lai and Sheng-hua Wu and Ya-Wei Lai and Tung-Ying Hsieh and Su-shin Lee and Hui-Min David Wang and Kao-Ping C Chang and Sin-Daw Lin and Chung-Sheng Lai and Shu-Hung Huang}, journal={Microsurgery}, year={2016}, volume={36 8}, pages={651-657} }